Many individuals say that pain is what the patient says, and it occurs wherever the patient says it does. Pain assessment can be complicated, subjective, an unpleasant experience and it sometimes cannot be explained. It means different things or levels to different people. Some believe there is no correct or incorrect responses to pain. As a surgery nurse, we evaluate our patients for pain behaviors, such as facial grimacing, agitation, rubbing painful areas, increased heart rates, raised blood pressures, shaking and anxiety.
As discussed in class, it would be important to monitor medications because of the possibility of secondary complications from long term medical use; high blood sugar and organ damage or possible complications form medications (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Due to the joint conditions, physical inabilities and delayed developmental stages is another complication that can occur for Tommy. This can lead to psyche determents on the child for not living in that home environment, but constantly being in a medical facility (Falvo, 2013). Now looking at the possible complications for the family. First, there can be some stress and guilt because a child is suffering (Falvo, 2013).
On the other hand, postpartum psychosis is the worst form of postpartum mood disorders and is associated with delusions, hallucinations, rapid speech and mood swings, paranoia, agitation, inability to eat and sleep, racing thoughts, and, suicidal feelings. The manifestation, prevalence and management approaches to these conditions vary. Previous studies have shown that postpartum depression affects the mother-child relationship, mother-spouse relationship, as well as the cognitive development and behavior of the child. Although giving birth to a newborn brings joy to a parent, the occurrence of stressors has the potential for affecting parents immensely. These stressors are responsible for postpartum stress/depression and include; fatigue, soreness, baby feeding, high
1) What symptoms did Harry have, even in infancy, that would suggest he had problems? The symptoms Harry illustrated was self-abuse. However Some of the self-abusive behaviors that Harry revealed was skin picking until he bled, hitting himself, biting, and smashing his face and nose with his fist or his knees. In Harrys infancy stage his mother had to place mailing tubes over his arms to prevent him from hitting his face with his fist. 2) What ethical concerns about the treatment of Harry might have been troubling to the IRB of the hospital in which he was being treated?
Meckel’s diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract associated with many diverse and unusual complications has an incidence of 2- 3% (1) . Meckel’s Diverticulum is a true diverticulum comprising all intestinal layers. It is usually an incidental finding. Strangulation of Meckel’s diverticulum (Littre’s Hernia) is a rare anatomo -clinical form. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment.
The cartoon is making fun of how it seems like everyone has a disorder nowadays, even little kids. Psychological disorders are harmful dysfunctions in which behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable. Medical models, when applied to psychological disorders, assume that these mental illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy. To classify psychological disorders, the DSM-IV, the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, is a widely used system. The DSM-IV discusses neurotic disorders, which are psychological disorders that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially.
One aspect of medicine that truly intrigues me is the experience of pain. I feel that the patient experience of pain is often overlooked in the medical field. Linking pain with the topic of sociology, I am curious about the relationship between pain treatment and race. For my final paper, I would like to explore how race is linked to disparities in pain treatment and the overarching systematic inequality of healthcare. I think it would be fascinating to explore the statistical discrepancies between differing pain treatment between races and ponder on how to close the gap between them.
Medication error (ME) is defined as “improper dosage, delivery of an incorrect medication administration to wrong patient, and inappropriate medication therapy” (XU et al., 2014, p. 286). ME is a long threat standing threat and is common errors in health care setting. It outcome can lead to physically harmful, fatal and prolong hospitalization, and enormously costly. In the mental health setting, some of causes of ME are, similarities of generic and brand names of drug, similarities of container labels and packages, and illegible of handwriting prescription. In this paper, the issue of medication administration error related to sound-alike and look-alike medications will be examines and implement a policy and procedure to prevent this error
While cognitive psychology deals with learning and knowledge, clinical psychology portrays the treatment and research of mental and emotional disabilities, illnesses, and ailments. Although, the most common concept of modern clinical psychology is often associated with the crazy and weird people of society, they would only be half right. Clinical psychology deals with those kind of people and the average person. Most often clinical psychology is used to help with emotional and behavioral issues, but it is also used to help the family and friends caring for the individual understand to help them most efficiently. Chiefly clinical psychology is used treat mentalaiments such as ADHD, anxiety, eating disorders, depression, or autism.
Positive symptoms include hallucinations and hearing voices, while negative symptoms include depression and withdrawal. The disadvantage of this diagnostic method is that it makes the family and friends, of the subject, responsible. They must identify a problem and take the initiative to ask for help which results in a large number of unidentified schizophrenics who get worse (http://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/guide/schizophrenia-tests). Recently, enough data accumulated and created a promising method of diagnosis: anatomic pathology. A greater number of diverse studies have been implicating structural changes within the brains of chronic and first episode schizophrenics.As far back as 1992, Lieberman and colleagues concluded that there were higher overall rates of abnormal brain morphology in schizophrenics.
The main focus of this paper is defining the common clinical problem, and discussing the severity that postpatrum depression poses on infants and mothers. Eisner et al. (2002) argues that postpartum depression can also lead to psychos, which is more susceptible in women who had previous mental health issues such as bipolar. This pycosis requires invention imeadalty as it involves bizarre behaviours, unusal halluicantions a, which can result in the mother causing serious harm or death, to herself or the child. This article was very important as it demonstrated the severity that postpartum depression has on the child and the mother and the they risks that they impose when not intervened.
Pain is highly subjective and an important contributor to the associated decreased quality of life of persons with Multiple Sclerosis limiting their work and social interactions . A heightened perception of pain with women diagnosed with MS is most likely due to the exposure of the myelin sheaths and the inflammatory response during the demyelination phase associated with active disease lesions (Newman et al.
Some of the most common symptoms that would cause veterans to seek medication for are, chronic anxiety, nightmares, and flashbacks. The chronic anxiety could be triggered by depressed mood and pain, and or irritability due to pain. These are just a few reasons why the effects of prescribed drugs for veterans can cause unemployment and homelessness. Drugs like antidepressants can cause serious issues, antidepressants interact with the body and brain chemistry in a assortment of different ways, and can treat a number of conditions, and for vets with PTSD these drugs are mainly issued and prescribed to attack the effects of major depression disorders. With these antidepressants and depending on the chemical compounds that the medication contains, antidepressants can be described and classified by various types; which include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake (SNRIs).
A psychosocial evaluation is really an evaluation for patients who have degenerative lumbar disk disease and require surgery for degenerative disk disease. Obviously, there is a significant amount of psychological overlay in these patients. Patient has dynamic instability. He has radiculopathy. He has failed conservative treatment.
We all know that pain is usually one of the major complaint of patients with chronic problems or those recovering post operatively thereby making pain evaluation a fundamental requisite in the outcome assessment during hospital visits. Interpreting the data from a pain assessment scale is not as straightforward as it may seem since the provider must consider the intensity, related disability, duration, and affect to define the pain and its effects on the patient (Williamson & Hoggart, 2005). Pain rating scales are used in the clinical settings to measure pain and these include Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Verbal Rating Scale (VRS), Numerical/numeric Rating Scale (NRS) (Haefeli & Elfering, 2006). Each scale is unique on its own in terms of sensitivity and simplicity that generates data that can be statistically analyzed for audit purposes. The EHR in our hospital utilizes the three rating scales mentioned as part of the pain assessment tool to measure pain that sets the tone for the direction of the type of pain management will .be given to the