Literature Review: Global Tourism And Its Challenge

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1. Literature Review: Global Tourism and its challenges

Tourism is today one of the largest and fastest growing economic sectors in the world. It has largely become popular, and even become massive within the past few years. It is now possible for the greatest number of people and for an ever-lower cost to go all over the planet with always fewer obstacles.

As for the tourism industry, most of the figures that will be used in this thesis will be issued from the publications of the World Tourism Organization, also called UNWTO. Also, many other institutions based their studies on the figures coming from UNWTO studies. UNWTO is an institution from the United Nations dedicated to tourism, especially to promote and develop tourism all over the world. UNWTO was created in 1975 but its roots stem back to the end of the World War II. Nowadays, UNWTO tries to develop a more sustainable and ethical tourism, as well as promoting developing countries.
1.1. Growing important of tourism in our global economy

According to UNWTO, in 1950, there were 25 million international tourist arrivals. This figure rose to 285 million in 1980, then 900 million in 2007. And since then, international tourism has been multiplied by 50 compared to 1950, and has reached 1,186 million tourist arrivals in 2015. The forecasts are striking as they expect 1.8 billion tourist arrivals by 2030, due to a growth of 3,3% per year between 2010 and 2030. Concerning the domestic tourists, UNWTO estimates the
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