1.0 Introduction Tourism can be defined as a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes (UNTWO n.d). Therefore, thanks to this activity two distinct communities with different values, interact. The way they influence each other through direct indirect contact is called the socio and cultural impact of tourism (Woodson 2013). Depending on how the interactions are administrated, the host community can benefit or lose out. Something to also take into consideration while studying this phenomenon is the way the attitude of the host community changes over time.
However, according to the thriving of tourism, it has been negotiated by scholars whether tourism is bad or good. Because the impacts of tourism have generated both positive and negative outcomes to the destination. It can be said that tourism generates the growth in economics and improves the living of the local by providing facilities and infrastructure. On the other hand, some people argue that tourism has negatively generated socio-cultural impacts and caused several environmental problems. In my point of view, everything has its pros and cons; there is nothing in this world has only a positive side, there is always the drawbacks in contrast with its benefits, and so does tourism.
Revenue Management refers to the ability to envisage concurrent customers’ demands, and then optimize the prices and availability of goods and services. It is mainly concerned about the decision about management of the customer’s demand and the revenue of the organisation. Mauri (2012) defines it as all about predicting, comprehending and influencing behavior of clients in an attempt to maximize a company’s returns. Revenue Management can be applied in is different sectors. One of the major sectors is the tourism.
3. To explore how tourism will thrive in spite of identified crisis. The aim and objectives of the study are given below: To examine the barriers of tourism growth in Bangladesh. To investigate the possible ways of improvement of identified problems. To find out the future development trends in Bangladesh tourism This research study will draw attention to the core problems and investigate key reasons for downwards trends of tourism industry in Bangladesh.
(2011). Strategy: theory and practice. Sage. Political These factors determine the extent to which a government may influence the economy or a certain industry. For tourism industry, It is necessary to analyze the political environment of the destination area, the visa restrictions and the government’s attitude to tourism.
Introduction Tourist decision making is a central concern of both tourism researchers and practitioners, with previous research in this area extensively examining the destination choice process and proposing a number of tourist decision-making models (Crompton and Ankomah 1993; Woodside and Lysonski 1989). Research has also recognized other contributing factors and incorporated them into tourist decision-making behavior, including attitudes (Um and Crompton 1990), tourist characteristics (Beerli and Martín 2004; Hugstad, Taylor, and Bruce 1987), and other psychological factors (Pizam 2004; Snepenger 1987). Perceived risks have been of particular interest to some researchers and recognized as a fundamental concept in consumer behavior, with
It becomes prevalent challenge and huge domain for tourism researchers to know how to summarize resident’s perceptions, attitudes or perspectives based on different methodologies (quantitative or qualitative). However, the author put extra emphasis about the tourism planning topic to make the article cover too broad filed. Tourism planning is a cross- interdisciplinary field to be another domain, and can be intergraded as one part of the whole tourism development projects. Therefore, I suggest the author can narrow its scope to focus on its residents attitudes topic instead of covering too broad
William and Lawson (2001, p. 87) suggested that researchers who are interest in investigating antecedents of residents perceptions of tourism need to focus more on personal value and less on demographic factors. Gursoy et al. (2002, p. 57) aimed to model host community support for tourism development in Virginia, the United States of America. They showed that community concern, community attachment, eco-centric attitudes, utilization of the tourism resource base by residents, the state of the local economy, perceived benefits and costs are related to support for tourism based in two categories (cultural and historic attractions; and cultural and folks
2.1 Introduction This chapter discusses about the literature review of the important factors that influence the support of local communities towards tourism development. This chapter consist few sections which are local communities support to the tourism development, local communities’ attitude and support to the tourism development, socio-demographic, Social Exchange Theory and followed by the conceptual framework of this research. 2.2 Local Communities Support to the Tourism Development Local community is a group of people who have the same thing that surround by themselves and can consists with business operators, public agency staff and residents which their interest may be include the share of resources and information or either benefits
This mean that government also playing an important role in term of Responsible Tourism. Similarly, according to Spenceley, , responsible tourism is an approach which travellers, government bodies, tourism suppliers, and local authorities need to take action in sustainable development principle (as cited Farmaki, Constanti,Yiasemi and Karis, 2014, p.12). There are several role that play by government that are making tourism policies, ensure tourism industry runs smoothly according to the policies and market the industry (Gough, 2008, p137). Government can conserve the environment and ecology through enforce the rule and regulation which increase the punishment and summons to the party or person who damage the environment and