It is the interface, our first contact with the surrounding environment. Hence, in this study of understanding the relationship between the built environment and human behavior it is essential to identify what perception really is and how can this process influence our interconnection with space - as users and as well as designers. Defining the term perception is becoming
It can allow for activities that support people’s mental and psychological health and facilitate social life , . Environments that provide opportunities of the extension of human’s experience to include all five senses can affect people’s sense of place . Stephan Carr et al., Mark Francis, Jan Gehl, John Montgomery, and Project for Public Spaces discussed further characteristics of successful public places ,
There are six perspectives of human services. The six perspectives are theme and purpose, interdisciplinary nature, helping profession/relationship, management principles, professional role, and professional activities. Theme and purpose involve problems in living, the growth of problems, self- sufficiency, social care, social control, and rehabilitation. Interdisciplinary Nature, involves sociology which comes from the influences of society. It also psychology plays a role in interdisciplinary nature which involves the behavior and mind.
As movements occur, various features in which we perceive change. Contrary, there are other features that do not change. Therefore, decision-making regarding how to navigate through an environment is an important concept as movement facilitates perception and perception guides movement. Gibson was interested in optic flow, or the pattern of light generated by an environment, as the goal of optic flow was to discover reliable patterns relevant to activity. He mentions that light interacts with surface properties of objects therefore, as individuals move, reflecting surfaces generate optic flow of light which is structured by the variety of clutter individuals encounter.
The second theme, place, is what defines a location. This theme, much like location, can be divided into two subcategories: human characteristics and physical characteristics. Human characteristics include the main languages, customs, beliefs, and people that live, work, and visit a place that define it. Physical characteristics include landforms, such as mountains and rivers, climate, vegetation, wildlife, and soil, all of which contribute to the characteristics of a place. The theme of human-environment interaction is how humans and the environment affect each other.
The scientific article chooses to focus on the experiment and methods for scientists to be able to repeat.The popular article focuses on the research’s effect for people. The popular article shares information in layman 's terms addressing the “groups”, the “diets”, and the specific effects on the groups (“Green). The popular article chooses as simple focus and shorter depth to appeal to many different audiences catching their eyes and easily
Therefore, to fully understand a space, it requires not only sensation, but your perception as well. A sensory experience is important to understanding the nature of an architectural space. It allows you to not only take in sensory data, but to interpret it, bringing in past experiences and memories, allowing you to make your own conclusions on a space. Every person has its own meaning to a place that variation in the experiences comes through the perception of our senses. Also the meaning a particular space may hold for an individual also casts a different memory from person to
Thus, people understand their environment by using the knowledge that they have through experiences and use this to describe and mention objects. For example, the human race believes that clouds are in the sky and they can identify them and even name them yet they have never touched the clouds. On the same note, people may make drawings and illustrations of clouds yet they have not had firsthand experience (Descartes, Kennington and Frank, 15). Therefore, it is evident that people believe the anecdotes they hear and they use such notions to create a perception about the existence of some objects in the world. However, the statement indicates that the author can
Motloch, 1991, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York Environmental Perception is the process by which the individual acquires information through decoding environmental cues, affect is the individual 's appraisal of a setting, and cognition is the process whereby the viewer evaluates, ascribes meaning to, and constructs a mental image of place. According to Kaplan, the individual needs to understand and explore the world, and desires to apply the fruits of this exploration to construct greater understanding and meaning. The individual, however, has a limited ability to process information, and through this processing to ascribe meaning (Worchel and Shebilske, 1986) Image formation reduces perceived complexity by aggregating parts into some recognizable pattern. In doing so, imaging reduces information load and once images are formed, they become the pattern to which meanings are ascribed. These mental images are patterns, stored in the mind based on past experiences.