The yarn sheet is washed with chemicals such as caustic soda and washing soda and after squeezing the excess water; the yarn sheet is allowed to pass through Dyeing Troughs one time for oxidation and development of dye on yarn. After dyeing, the dyed yarn is washed again in fresh water for two- three times and finally squeezed before allowing it to pass through six drying cylinders. The dyed yarn enters the starching device and sizing is done. The object of sizing is to improve the strength of the yarn by chemically binding the fibres with each other and also improve upon its friction resistance capacity by chemically coating the surface of the yarn. Further, number of threads in warpers beam sheet is very less against number of threads required in whole width of fabric.
1.1 Introduction: In this chapter literature review of class 401 the consumption of thread is explained. Initially stitch and stitch classes are defined and elaborated, theoretically stitch model of lock stitch model are also explained and consumption of lock stitch is also explained according to Union’s Technical Bulletin. Seam classes are also explained and classified by according to their structure and specification. History of lock stitch and lock stitch machine is defined with its features and application. Factors affecting characteristics of thread are also explained these are fiber content, twist, ply, finishes, color, structure and size.
3 LITERATURE REVIEW Literature survey was conducted for the development of fertilizer tablet making machine, mainly in the area of fertilizers uses, fertilizers types ,fertilizers losses, crops type and fertilizer require for it, rolling compaction process and machine design. Dr. M. S. Lupin Mr. J. R. Lazo Mr. N. D. Le Mr. A. F. Little  In this paper alternative process of urea super granules is explained that is briquetting .The physical and chemical characteristics of urea make the material well suited for production of urea supergranules by briquetting. Briquetting of urea fertilizer up to 0.8 to 2.0 grams produced by International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC). Rajiv Shah  describes the deep placement of urea briquettes .This method is simple and effective. Instead of applying urea, a nitrogen fertilizer, to the soil, where as much as 70 percent is lost to runoff or the atmosphere .It is compacted in to briquettes and buried near plant roots, where it releases nitrogen slowly Krushiswadini, 2012  in this book different types crops, their fertilizer require quantity and there area is given for Vidarbha region.
Cotton wool was placed into the funnel; this was followed by pouring hot water onto the cotton wool before filtering the dissolved paracetamol crude solution to remove any insoluble materials. Watch glass was placed on beaker containing filtrated solution and the solution was allowed to cool slowly. After the filtrated solution had cooled up, it was placed into a beaker containing cold water. The corners of the beaker containing filtrated were scratched to allow the crystals to form. The purified paracetamol was collected by filtering through a funnel containing cotton wool.
and esters. In the case of hydrolytic reaction, the steam produced during the processing of food containing water causes the hydrolysis of triglycerides, resulting in the formation of free fatty acid, glycerol, monoglycerides, and diglycerides. High free fatty acid level, i.e. quantum of free fatty acids greater than 1 mg/g KOH, results in generation of high amounts of undesirable soap simultaneously with transestriﬁcation reaction. In the alkali-catalyzed process, the presence of free fatty acid (greater than 1 mg/g KOH) and water in the oil can cause high amounts of undesirable soap formation, also consuming some quantity of alkaline catalyst and reduces the eﬀectiveness, all of which result in a lower conversion.
CHAPTER 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS 3.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter dales with the materials used and method engaged in experimental process. The material details of all the tested yarns and the fabric used in this study are elaborated. Fabric code has given for identifying the fabrics, which is commercial fabrics, was produced and test in bleached stage. 3.2 MATERIALS 3.2.1 Yarns Used for the Production of Fabrics 60 Ne conventional ring spun yarns were produced. Table 3.1 gives the properties of single and doubled yarn.
The crude extract in solution is then placed on the top of the packed column material. The small layer of cotton or glass wool is placed to protect the shape of the organic layer from the velocity of the newly added eluent. Then, the eluent is slowly passed through the column. During the entire chromatography process, the eluent is collected in a series of fractions. Fractions can be collected automatically by means of fraction collectors 
The materials are chosen based on the availability, cost and performance. For making Octahedron tensegrity model woollen thread and 3 pencils, 17.7cm long and 5mm slit at both the ends are used. For Icosahedron tensegrity model 6 woollen thread loops of perimeter 35cm and 6 pencils, 17.7cm long and 5mm slit at both the ends are used. Since the woollen thread shows more elongating property it is replaced with thick cotton strings. For T-3 Tensegrity prism, thick cotton strings and 3 pencils, 17.7cm long and 5mm slit at both the ends are used.
Objects of Desizing: To remove sizing materials. To increase absorbency of the fabric. To increase lusture of dyed or printed fabric. To make fabric ready for next process. Batching Process: After desizing fabric is collected in rolled in batcher in uniform tension.
The importance of it is due to its huge usage almost in every factor as the raw materials are needed to be extracted from the nature. It has main known types which are the liquid-liquid extraction and the solid-liquid extraction. The process unit of extraction consists of two inputs for the material that includes your desired component and for the solvent used to extract it in addition to two outputs for the extract and the raffinate. The mechanisms of the extraction’s two types were explained in the report above. Moreover, the applications discussed for the process are waste-water treatments, metal refining, and caffeine extraction.