Schachter and Singer were both agree with the James-Lange Theory and Cannon-Bard Theory. They agreed that people infer emotions when they experience physiological arousal and the same pattern of physiological arousal can give rise to different emotions. The last evolutionary theories were the cognitive theory. It says “several theories began to argue that cognitive activity in the form of judgments, evaluations, or thoughts were entirely necessary for an emotion to occur.” An American psychologist Richard Lazarus who contended that emotions must have some cognitive intentionality was one of the main advocator of this view. The interpretation of an emotional context of cognitive activity may be conscious or unconscious and may or may not take the form of conceptual processing.
The cognitive level of analysis aims to study how the inner processes of the mind processes information gained, and how they are interpreted and applied into the real world. Within this level of analysis, it was found that the cognitive and biological factors of our mind influence how we feel, or in other words, our emotions. Emotion can be defined as the body’s response to any specific situation. As all human beings can express how they feel through facial expressions, this suggests that emotions are biological rather than cognitive. However, emotions can be dependent on both the cognitive and biological factors of our body.
Chauhan S. P. and Chauhan Daisy "Emotional Intelligence: Does It Influence Decision Making and Role Efficacy?" Indian Journal of Industrial Relations 43.2 (2007): 217-38. Web. This article discusses the importance of emotional intelligence. This form of intelligence allows people to empathize with each other by understanding their motivations and point-of-views.
Emotional intelligence (EI) has a lot to do with being aware of your emotions. It refers to the ability to distinguish your emotions and other people's emotions. It is one of the most recently defined types of intelligence in the field of psychology that appeared at the beginning of the 1990s by developing the concept of intelligence. Based on EI people have the mental abilities and emotional skills to solve their problems and influence other people (Pfeiffer, 2001). Mayer and Salovey (1997) stated that knowing what two components of emotional intelligence help us to understand its concept.
were listed out (Kihlstrom and Cantor, 2000). Due to the curiosity induced by these findings, Peter Salovey a professor of psychology from Yale University and John Mayer a professor of psychology from the University of Hampshire, took the research ahead and put forward the concept of “Emotional Intelligence” (EI). Salovey and Mayer (1990) affirmed emotional intelligence as a subset of social intelligence and defined EI as a – “capability to watch one’s own and others’ feelings and emotions, to distinguish among them and utilise this information to guide one’s thinking and
Case Study – Bill and Melinda Gates 1. What do you think Bill and Melinda Gate’s personality traits are for each of the Big Five dimensions? Compare the two. The purpose of big five is to categorize the personality traits into different dimensions which can help us to understand better how people behave to others and how react in their life. The Big Five Model of Personality categorizes traits in different dimensions such as Surgency, adjustment, conscientiousness, and openness to experience (Lussier, 2013).
Emotional Intelligence is defined as the ability to identify, understand, use, and how to manage emotions positively to communicate effectively and how well you deal with stress, how you can overcome challenges, how you can empathize with others, and reduce conflict. Emotional Intelligence has an impact on our daily life, like for instance how we interact and behave with others (Baron, 2006). According to Baron (Baron, 2006), there are different models of EI: 1. Peter Salovey and John Mayer introduced the ability model which brings into light one’s ability to process and use emotional information in the
“Personality refers to those characteristics of the person that account for consistent patterns of feelings, thinking, and behaving” (Pervin, 2005). Personality also refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. There are different types of personalities that sometimes distinguished from personality traits. There are Big Five personality traits that are used to describe human personality, the five factor model (FFM). The five factors model includes openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism(Wikipedia, n.d.).
Dozier could perceive accurately the emotional reactions of his captors and he also diagnosed the danger that those reactions posed for him. By regulating his emotions and then expressing them effectively, he was able to manage the emotions of his captors. This incident illustrates emotional intelligence in action. After the account of Dozier, Singh noted that the concept of emotional intelligence has become so popular in management literature that it has become imperative to understand and be aware of the research and theory on which it is based. It is also useful to consider how emotional intelligence is important for
He argues that the structures and conflict in the human mind shapes personality. Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality implicated the structure of the mind, namely the id, ego, and superego, and how conflicts among these constituent parts are resolved in shaping human personality. Conflicts among these structures of the mind appear at each of Freud's five basic stages of psychosexual development: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. He claimed that successful navigation of these natural, internal conflicts will lead to mastery of each developmental stage, and ultimately, to fully-mature, adult personality. The character of Joker can be further analysed based on this