Literature Review: Lean Manufacturing

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Literature Review Lean manufacturing is a process that was first implemented by the Toyota Company following the defeat of Japan in World War Two. Wanting to enter the car market, they needed to find a way to adequately compete with US car manufacturers in pricing and production without having as established a company. To do this, lean manufacturing was created, allowing them to enter the atmosphere competitively (Paul, 2014). The concept behind lean manufacturing is quite simple: its singular goal being to cut down waste. Waste is defined as anything which doesn’t add value to the product in the customer’s eyes. By this definition, 60% of the manufacturing process is considered waste, which is why it is so important to reduce it as much as possible (“What is lean”, n.d). Of course, some elements can’t be reduced, thus is why the goal is to cut back and not eliminate waste.
The concept of lean manufacturing has continued to grow and morph as innovations improve upon the process. Thus, it is extremely important that the subject of lean manufacturing is explored thoroughly, so that the formulation of the ideas can be current to lean manufacturing standards and practices. As such, the scope of this literature review will be solely on well reputed scholarly journals and business information that is relatively current. This allows for the best information gathering on current practices of lean manufacturing. The availability of sources about lean manufacturing are quite

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