Massive soil degradation in the lowlands caused by the excessive use of urea, resulting into unprecedented soil mining and human‐induced micro‐nutrient deficiency, and stagnation of food crops yield. (Concepcion, 2007) Land degradation in the Philippines is caused by: 1.) Illegal logging, forest fires, black sand mining and other man-made issues 2.) Overexploitation of grasslands and vegetation
(1989) examined that there is a lot of environmental and economic threats which affect negatively to our communities as well as planet. The increasing number of population put pressure on agriculture land of feeding, on the result the land become degraded which
Some fossil energy sources, including unconventional energy sources such as tar sands, gas hydrates, gas and oil, each are having a major influence on the amount and quality of water. In the production of alternative fuels for transportation, especially bio fuels, depending on the particular application can provide a considerable impact on the quality and water resources. The problem is, whether the water supply on earth is sufficient for energy power plants? The world is experiencing a water crisis because of the drastic climate change caused by human activities in the world. Groundwater resources are increasingly depleted and surface water use competition between the needs of drinking water and water for agricultural irrigation and energy needs.
Adjustments to the change will have to take place. For this there is a need for further research and observation of the changes. Climate change, increasing drought frequency and intensity, and high demand of water are increasing scarcity in certain countries. High agricultural consumption, increased salinity and underdeveloped conservation technologies compound the pressures on the nation’s water supply. Ultimately, climate change is likely to have a negative impact on countries and make them increasingly difficult to meet urban and agricultural water needs.
2008). The Cultivation, shifting, over exploitation, grazing, monoculture, agricultural use of land, etc is gradually modifying on these ecosystems. The fragmentation size of the sacred grove depends with the antrapogenic activities and disturbance (Khan et al. 2008). The anthropogenic stress and area of the fragment can determine the species extinction, in sacred groves (Tripathi 2006).
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND ITS CONSERVATION Prin. Dr. Rajkumar M. Kolhe Vande Mataram Degree College of Arts, Commerce & Science, Kopar, Old Dombivli- West. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Mo. 9892531965 Abstract Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife. It is defined as any change or disturbance to the environment perceived to be deleterious or undesirable.
One source of contamination is Agricultural runoff to surface waters, and this is said to be the major source for the dissolution of nitrate and phosphate compounds (Correll et al., 1999; Chadwick and Chen, 2002; Ensign et al., 2006). It represents the greatest contamination risk to surface water systems (Jamieson et al., 2002). Diminishing water quality as a result of contamination has affected living resources through habitat degradation, thus reducing estuarine productivity and eliminating feeding and nursery habitats. 1.1 Statement of Problem The river Volta Basin receives runoff water from the surroundings;- for settlers along the river are engaged in Agricultural activities which involve the use of agrochemicals and pesticides which could cause the deposition of trace metals in the sediment which contaminate the river, and this could be harmful to aquatic life. In light of this there is the need to regulate human activities that could have adverse effects on aquatic life.
Introduction Terrestrial pollution is the containing of the land through dumping of waste and garbage and the presentation of toxins into the into the environment, in other words terrestrial pollution is the destruction of the earth’s surface area ground either directly or indirectly by human activities , also the harmful concentration of substances that are beyond the environment’s capacity to handle. Land pollution is the largest problem faced in Tembisa and it has become bad enough, it damages the soil and this is caused by the overpopulation of people in this township as a result of informal settlement that is also a problem for the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality and the government of the Gauteng province. As they unable to serve