Literature Review Of Child Pornography

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The literature review of this proposal is divided into three parts. The first part is the conceptual framework which defines the key concept of the research area. The second part is the theoretical framework which discuss on the theory of child need protection and theory of punishment. The last part is legal framework which will discuss on lacuna inside the legal structure of the country and make comparison with the law of other countries such as United Kingdom and Canada. 2.2 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK There’s no single universally accepted precise definition of child pornography, there is at least some general consensus as to what actually constitute such material . Its legal definition of a child and child pornography differ from country to country. For example, in Canada, they define a minor as any person under 18 years old meanwhile in Australia minor is a person under 16 year’s age. Thus, in order to uniform it, United Nations Convention on the Right of the Child (UNCRC) has taken step to define that minor is a person who is under 18 years of age. In a legal spectrum, pornography can be defined as sexually-explicit material that is displayed or viewed with the intention of the provision of sexual gratification . Type of material believed to be pornographic in nature varies according to local legislation; a lot of genres exist in pornography and can be classified as legal / lawful and also illegal / unlawful. From the public perspective, any existence of material believed

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