Literature Review Of Conflict

1174 Words5 Pages
Chapter II : Literature Review Introduction The aim of this thesis is to address the Conflicts in Moyale and its environments. The factors of the conflict regarded as political, ethnic, economic, regional (due to its location), etc. Thus, the literature review of this study arranged to have three parts. The first part is devoted to highlight the concept of conflict in general. By doing so, it provided a platform to which one can conceptualize the conflicts in Moyale and its surrounding. The second part discussed theories related to ethnicity and ethnic mobilization. Because, most of the time conflicts in Moyale and its environments fought along ethnic lines. The purpose of this section is to mirror the way in which ethnic identity is articulated…show more content…
It refers to a situation in which groups take antagonistic actions toward one another to control some outcome important to each. Realistic group-conflict theory (Coser, 1956; Levine & Campbell, 1972; Sherif, 1966) maintains that intergroup conflicts are rational “in the sense that groups do have incompatible goals and are in competition for scarce resources.” Thus, group conflict involves purposeful struggles between collective actors who mobilize the group power to defeat or remove opponents and to gain status, power, resources and other scarce values. Groups mobilized due to the fact that the benefits associated with the outcome of intergroup conflicts (e.g., territory, political power, status, pride) are public goods that are non-excludable to the members of a group, regardless of their contribution to their group’s effort (Rapoport & Bornstein,…show more content…
In his “triangular” model of conflict and violence Galtung (1996) has states that if there are evident incompatible goals; like one group’s goal is blocked by the other group’s goal, contradictory attitudes; and violent behavior (physical and/or verbal) concurrently, there exists an intergroup conflicts. The more basic the blocked goals are- such as access to grazing land and other basic needs, the more likely the conflict will turn violent (Finlev,
Open Document