Literature Review Of Informal Settlement In Cities

1277 Words6 Pages
Chapter 2
Literature review
Introduction
This chapter presents a review of relevant literature about informal settlements that arise owing to inadequate housing, such as slums, squatters and shanty towns in which slums would be elaborately reviewed. The chapter reviews the main characteristics of slum housing and housing in the entire country in general. It also includes an overview of governmental interventions and case studies of policies implemented in different countries. In addition to the above, a conceptual framework on housing in slums areas is proposed and discussed.
Understanding housing problems, informal settlements and Slums
According to Abraham Maslow, Housing is a basic need, but due to the limited housing facilities to cope with urban growth individuals switch to informal settlement according to their income levels giving rise to low quality & income housing and slums in most developing countries where there is high concentration of low income groups. Informal housing can mainly be divided into slums, squatters and shanty towns. But for the purpose of this research Slums were given a greater consideration. In order to completely understand these forms of informal settlements, there is the need to draw a little light on them
Shanty towns
This refers to individuals or families who may occupy lands illegally by themselves and build their houses as best as they can (Grinberg, 2006). Shanty towns face characteristics of marginality and urban poverty such as

More about Literature Review Of Informal Settlement In Cities

Open Document