Hi my name is William and today I am doing my assignment on Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s is a progressive mental deterioration that mostly occurs in middle aged to old aged patients. It is due to generalized degeneration of the brain. It is the most common cause of premature senility. Although it’s not confirmed scientist believe for most people, Alzheimer’s disease results from a combination of genetic, life styles and environmental factors that affect the brain over time.
It is expected that by 2050, one new case of AD is expected to develop every 33 seconds, or nearly a million new cases per year, and the total estimated prevalence is expected to be 13.8 million(Alzheimer’s association, 2014)(Prince et al., 2013). According to Alzheimer Society of Canada in 2011 only, 747,000 Canadians were living with cognitive impairment, including dementia - those're 14.9 per cent of Canadians 65 and older. Clinical and neuropathological overview The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease dementia generally resides in observation of neuropsychiatric features such as Cognitive impairment that manifests itself at least by minimum two of these symptoms: inability of patients in new learning, Disturbances of language function and
Dementia is one of the most feared diseases and expensive to society currently. It is defined as a clinical syndrome of acquired cognitive impairment that determines decrease of intellectual enough capacity to interfere social and functional performance of the individual and their quality of life. It is a known fact that patients tend to express themselves through their behaviour and expect their carers to understand this notion. The diverse kinds of causes of different behaviours are inability to communicate, difficulty with tasks, unfamiliar surroundings, loud noises, frantic environment, and physical discomfort. Many diseases can cause dementia, some of which may be reversible.
Alzheimer’s Diagnosis According to the Alzheimer's Organization, less than fifty percent of patients with Alzheimer’s Disease and their caregivers indicate that the patient has a knowledge of their disease. Alzheimer’s is a progressive deterioration of the brain that causes memory loss and can happen during the middle or later years of a person’s life. Alzheimer’s patients deserve to be informed about their disease they can start to plan activities, to get early treatment, and to make financial decisions. The first benefit of patients being informed about Alzheimer’s diagnosis early on is that it gives them time to make sound judgements on financial and medical decisions while they are still able.
Cognitive / Function Assessment Report The goal of the second visit to my client was to do a comprehensive functional assessment, which is physical and cognitive function, including independent performance of basic Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), social activities, or Instrumental Activities of Daily living (IADLs), the assistance needed to accomplish these tasks and sensory ability, cognitive and capacity to ambulate. I started my assessment with the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living to assess more complex activities necessary for functioning in a community setting, for example, shopping, housekeeping, cooking, managing finances, transportation and taking medications (King 2015). The Lawton IADL Scale took me 10 minutes to
Despite awareness of Alzheimer’s disease growing in the past decades due to various celebrities and large names battling the disease such as Sugar Ray Robinson and Ronald Regan, Americans still sustain the widely shared belief that Alzheimer’s disease is instead normal aging. This unsound belief strongly reflects the statistic that among individuals diagnosed with the disease only thirty-three percent are aware they have it. In reality, it is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking, and behavior.(alz.org). The disease remains a dark hole despite its number six rank in the leading causes of death. The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease gradually worsen in three stages which are mild (early stage), moderate (middle-stage)
The article titled “Half of Alzheimer 's cases misdiagnosed” made it evidently clear that Alzheimer’s disease is a disease we have yet to fully understand or treat. Not only is there a lack of information about this disease, it is common for the similar side effects of dementia to be confused with Alzheimer’s disease. To clarify what dementia and Alzheimer’s disease is, I will provide an authentic definition of each. To begin, I will state that there are different forms of dementia. According to a site that specializes in providing information about dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, states that “Dementia is a general term for loss of memory and other mental abilities severe enough to interfere with daily life.
Dementia is not a specific illness. It 's an overall term that describes a range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to cut a person 's ability to do everyday activities. Alzheimer disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases. Vascular dementia, which occurs after a stroke, is the second most common dementia type. Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as "senility" or "senile dementia," which reflects the formerly widespread but incorrect belief that serious mental decline is a normal part of aging.
Introduction Dementia is a chronic and progressive syndrome that affects the elderly resulting in the deterioration of intellect and cognitive function such as memory, judgement, orientation and the ability to process thoughts. Dementia is estimated to affect 50 million adults worldwide every year . In Singapore, the Ministry of Health (MOH) reported that dementia affected approximately 20,000 Singaporean elderly in 2010, corresponding to a prevalence of 5.7% among elderly aged 65 years and above . More recently, a cross-sectional survey done in 2015 reported that the prevalence of dementia had increased to 10% in the elderly population of Singapore . Given the high prevalence of dementia in the elderly population, it is no surprise
It provides the opportunity for prompt evaluation of the patient and possibly administer tests and treatments for reversing and determining the causes of memory loss. In addition, early diagnosis provides time for patients and families to prepare for the future and most importantly it maximizes the patients opportunity to contribute to their own care planning process. As previously stated, the diagnosis of dementia most commonly takes place in the primary care setting. During primary care visits with older or elderly people the interactions tend to be brief and patients often present multiple health conditions that they are experiencing. It can be challenging for the physician to pin point those intersecting health concerns with Alzheimer’s if they are not properly trained to do so.
When an older person considers themselves forgetful, they normally don’t think very much of it. But in reality, it may be something a lot more serious that previously thought. This person may have dementia. Becky Kane was interviewed about her experiences dealing with people who were determined to have dementia.
Conquering Alzheimer's: Unraveling a Mystery of the Brain Imagine in 35 years living in a world where Alzheimer's disease is rampant among many of our beloved elderly family members and possibly ourselves. According to research journalist Linda Marsa, “This disease is expected to reach epidemic proportion as the nation's 76 million baby boomers move into old age. The number of Alzheimer's patients is expected to reach 100 million worldwide by 2050, including as many as 16 million in the United States.” Currently scientists and researches feel as if they are very close to finding the solutions to the many questions concerning Alzheimer's disease, which currently has claimed more than five million victims in America alone (2015, pg. 3). Many