The theoretical perspective for Hillary Potter in Battle Cries is calling the “Black feminist criminology”. Black feminist criminology is an extension of feminist criminology and racial-feminist criminology theories. It specifically discussed the issue in several aspects which include crime, deviance, violence and the criminal justice system for people with colors. The four themes that Black feminist criminology has delivered apprehension incorporate social structural oppression, the black community and culture, intimate and familial relations and the Black woman as individual that Hillary Potter will be mainly discussed in the
The voice of marginalized women belonging to the so-called inferior race rings persuasively in the novel, A Mercy. Lisa M. Logan is attentive to this aspect of the novel. She is keenly interested in examining this aspect of the novel. Logan's view is cited in the following extract: Morrison’s novel operates as an evocative object, bridging the historical facts of patriarchy with the emotional resonance of non-elite, marginalized women’s experiences. The stories of Florens, Lina, and Rebekka show that early America was especially dangerous, tenuous, and brutal for women and girls.
When men occupy a superior position, they have the power to control women and their lives. Men determine the likelihoods of women to access opportunities, such as form of education, public facility, career, etc. The power men have over women later gives rise to gender problems between them, which is known as gender discrimination. Hosseini’s‘A Thousands Splendid Suns’ is a novel that shows the plight of women who suffer from gender discrimination in a strong patriarchal society of Afghanistan.
Classification in “She Unnames Them” Analyzed Through Connell In the theory titled “The Social Organization of Masculinity,” the author, Raewyn Connell provides deeper insight to Ursula LeGuin’s short story, “She Unnames Them,” by expressing to readers the significance of names and relationships. Connell breaks down one of the main facets of masculinity, defining the idea of hegemonic masculinity as a system that enables the perpetual dominance of men and subordination of women in society. By applying this lens to “She Unnames Them,” one is able to recognize the significance that naming carries in a sense of power.
I believe that the critical lens that provides modern society with the most compelling view of literature is Feminist Criticism because it analyzes distrust and disloyalty among relationships, women being treated as possessions and shows the representation of powerful women. Modern society would analyze literature using a feminist perspective because most literature analyzes the relationship between genders and the powerful influence and meaning it has to the readers life. Othello is a great play to analyze with many different types of literature criticisms, but Feminist Criticism analyzes the plot and the main characters situation most. It is still so common to see many of the points presented in the book till this day, men believing that they are stronger than women and treating them as inferior. Even so women are trying to make their voice be heard and demonstrating everyday the vital impact they have in society.
History Sticks To Your Feet Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is an influential American work that deals primarily with racism present at the time and violence, but also makes statements, both indirectly and directly, about female agency. I’ve chosen to review this work because of Stowe’s amazing use of these elements, but also because of depiction of American society at the time. She crafts and interesting outlook as to the abolitionist view of the time and is able to express this view very successfully through the fictional plot of the novel. While racism is definitely the focal point of the work it seems clear after finishing the novel that women, particularly mothers, play an important role in the novel.
Feminist is ‘a political position’, the female is ‘a matter of biology’ and feminine is ‘a set of culturally defined characteristics’. The representation of women in literature is one of the most important forms of ‘socialization’ and it provided the role models which indicated to women and men to constitute an acceptable version of the ‘feminine’. (122) There are three waves of feminism: the first wave was in the nineteenth and early twentieth century, the second was in the 1960s and 1970s and the third from the 1970s to the present. The first wave refers mainly to “women’s suffrage” movements (mainly concerned with women’s right to vote).
This indicates to us the large-scale influence that the book held on culture and society, the work provoking women into considering their selfhood and positions, even being referred to as “a catalyst for change" by modern day feminist Eleanor Smeal. Additionally, another example was the feminist magazine Spare Rib, which provided readers with a critical analysis of sexual oppression as well as other relevant concepts; the magazine confronting issues and dilemmas
This article defines what Butler in her book Judith Butler introduction gender trouble chapter one: “subjects of sex/gender/desire” wants to convey to the reader. Butler presumes that there is an already existing feminist identity known as "women.' Many feminists believe that developing a female identity is essential to creating awareness on women's political issues. Butler challenges this. She doesn't think that the idea of "woman" is a well-defined category.
Its opponents have even suggested that feminist rhetoric condemns the opposite sex to the extent of gender antagonism (Young). In light of both the altruistic progressivism and the criticized status surrounding the contemporary women’s movement, the progress made through centuries of perseverance overall suggests that the movement intends to better and help the status of women in society. Now a movement based around securing the franchise of women, contemporary feminism initially spawned to uphold the rights of women before they were legally acknowledged. The spirit of the movement established itself at this initial point, a “gathering devoted to women’s rights” (“The Women 's Rights Movement, 1848-1920”). As such, in commitment to its original form, the contemporary movement reflects
Miller relies greatly upon allusions to past failures in the passing of the equal pay bill, the analysis of different occupations, and logos and ethos introduced by Claudia Goldin to create a comprehensive argument. Past events often shape how we respond to current issues and events, including the gender pay gap. Allusions to past movements for or against the equal pay bill and to the beliefs of government organizations, primarily opposing the bill displays that help is needed to push the cause for women. This allusion also makes use of pathos, which causes women to feel sympathy or passion towards the cause. Making connections between different parts of our lives creates for deeper and more meaningful emotions to arise because this concept initiates the use of pathos.
Focusing its analysis on functional and dysfunctional aspects of the relationships seen throughout society, the theory of functional analysis holds a perspective that emphasizes the connections between groups in society, and how they influence one another (Henslin, James M. Sociology : A Down-to-Earth Approach : Core Concepts.). Being categorized as a woman throughout my life has affected my role in society most dramatically. The functionalist perspective embodies how my gender has influenced my identity, household, oppurtunities, religion, and how my role in these groups has influenced the society I live in. My gender most drastically affects my self identification, from the way I dress, to the way I act. Seconds after being born, I was
love them”(Foster 23). This comment clarifies that the patriarchal structure has long existed in literature, and as literature is commonly a reflection of societal culture, it explains the fact that patriarchy has long been part of most cultures. The patriarchal structure has been engraved into society so much that it has now been accepted as just common sense that it exists. It is a tragic idea itself that patriarchy has become such a common and indented trend in both literature and culture. Foster expresses this idea that literature connects the issues of the story to the real world, in effect reflecting issues of the society of the particular time period that the work is set in.