Literature Review Of Slum Tourism

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2. Literature Review
Slum tourism is seen as economic driver of tourism development and many academics and researchers are expanding the scope of the socio-economic benefits of slum tourism. Slum tourism has special issues with a reflection on the selection of services and ways in which tourist visit the slums has increased (Frenzel and Koens, 2012). Before developing slum tourism, the concept has to be fully mapped out and understood. Many researchers and academics rather focusses on the impacts and benefits slum tourism has, rather than the meaning and the adoption of the term. Slum tourism has a wide scope and diversity, the understanding should be clear on why (motivation), how and when tourists engage in slum tourism. Tourism itself is an important phenomenon and how it links to slums/townships or favelas should be conceptualised and practiced. Slums are linked to a vast array of unwanted ideas, views and situations.Slum tourism creates themes around areas, especially around busy cities. Tourism will not end poverty, or rather in this case slum tourism will not end poverty (Schorr, 1964). Slum tourism is very much alive and evolved in South Africa. Towards the end of 2010 slum tourism researchers gathers in Bristol, in the United Kingdom to discuss "Destination Slum", it was the first international conference paying attention to the economic, aesthetic, political, historical and social dimensions of slum tourism (Second Destination Slum Conference, 2014). This

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