Education is the key factor for women’s empowerment, prosperity, development and welfare. Discrimination of women from womb to tomb is age old phenomena in most of the societies. There is continued inequality and vulnerability of women in all sectors and women oppressed in all spheres of life. They need to be empowered in all walks of life. In order to fight against the socially constructed gender biases, women have to fight against the system that requires more strength.
Women’s movements were also fighting for equal rights in the legal aspect and legislative organization. After arduous struggles, a few women obtained the right of political participation, increased the number of women members of the Congress of the United States, American women gradually became a powerful force, which marked the political changing role of women in American society after World War II. Improving the political status of women promoted the changing role of women in American society after World War II. As for women 's economic status, female vocational institutions happened great changes, many women were involved in a male dominated field of work , such as accountants, engineers, doctors, drivers, and so on. Women also demanded equal pay for equal work rights and benefits since the end of World War
A combination of economic and political transformations took place in Europe and all over the world between 1750 and 1914, this changed the lives of women everywhere. After the several attempts to bring equality to women, they finally achieved their goals. Women accomplished this in several different ways, using different tactics and strategies, of course they was a always a struggle as men felt superior to women, but the women fought and obtained their long-awaited-for equal rights. Women demanded equality, so no matter how far they had to take the suffrage movements, they would cross their limits. With political and economic dominance came control in cultural and artistic areas as well.
Women empowerment in the economy increases participation of women in labor force and it reduces poverty in the economy, access of women farmers to the resources increase production and they can also support their families, and as women are the owners of property and earn money from it. Women contribute to their families, societies and also countries financially. As this brings development in the
CHAPTER ONE 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The concept of women empowerment seems to have been used in the 1980s by third world feminists ‘to address the issue of gender differences that exist in the control and distribution of resources’ (Datta & Kornberg, 2002). There is however lack of consensus on its major characteristics. According to Datta and Kornberg (2002), women empowerment refers to ‘strategies that women use to increase their control of resources and generate decision making capacity’. Other authors like Batliwala (1994) however have a wider definition. According to this author, empowerment is the ‘process of challenging existing power relations and of gaining greater control over the sources of power’ (Batliwala, 1994).
Furthermore, Chen et al (2005) cited by Rambo (2010) group a number of indicators of empowerment into 3 broad categorized; • First, material effects; level of capital invested, income, land and equipment & machinery owned. Other materials like food access, education, healthcare, housing, water supply, sanitation and energy. • Second perpetual results of women’s economic empowerment leads to higher self esteem were women perceive better their personality, interest and values. Also, improved confidence; better perception about ability and capacity in addition to a more focused future. Other perpetual effects are community respect and high ranking in society.
They may utilize their knowledge, learning and talent in the field of entrepreneurship. This would eliminate gender barriers which bound women’s aptitude towards businesses. Governments of Pakistan have initiated programs to promote economic empowerment of women. Culture and traditions may become a hurdle for a woman in the way of doing a job or venturing into her own business. The purpose of this research paper is to highlight the importance of women’s participation in different economic sectors and entrepreneurship.
It doesn 't make sense, especially when we are still struggling to grow our way out of the economic disaster." (APEC Women & Economic Forum - 2012). Most of the Women entrepreneurs lack financial literacy and also most of whom working on the informal sectors. If the women entrepreneurs provided with sufficient financial literacy and brought to the main business, then economy will get additional boost. If the women entrepreneurs equipped with effective network for learning and leveraging the financial resources, then women entrepreneurs can scale to new horizons in terms of type of business and area of
During the hundred and fifty odd years that followed, we slowly transitioned from the concept of ‘women upliftment ' to ‘women empowerment '. If women upliftment involved drawing women out of their homes, educating them and providing them with basic opportunities in life (that ironically, we tend to take for granted in today 's world), women empowerment encompasses a much broader perspective. It is more about egalitarianism, life skills and in Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen 's words, the freedom of choice. The twentieth century saw rapid development in the field of technology. With the advent of the television, computer and the internet, the field of advertising took on a whole new meaning.
Introduction: This paper will discuss about the role of woman in the society, what problems are facing by the women, the status of woman in Islam, woman education, benefits of the woman education these are the which are going to be discussed in the depth. Topic related to woman can easily be discussed in the length because there are many countries in the world which are facing problems related to woman. However, it also shed some light on the topic of woman and rural development. The objectives and responsibilities also will be covered, as well as the ethical obligations. By this paper many things will be covered related to woman and her problems and issues.