The concern of the study is to know the long-term result of MBCT with the use of standardized measures of depressions (BDI-II), mindfulness (MAAS), and rumination (RSS) and the outcomes are collected yearly for 3 years. Thirty-nine participants were observed and the results showed a significant decrease in depression. Although the depression scores for the last year increased, it was still inside the normal range of BDI-II. Rumination and mind attention showed a strong negative correlation which means as rumination increases, the mind attention decreases and vice versa. It was therefore concluded that continued MBCT aids and training can help relapse prevention.
Health care personnel and quality improvement professionals are focusing their attention on identifying factors that are causing high rates of readmissions. This focus is being driven by the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program which was implemented as part of the Affordable Care Act. “Effective October 1, 2012, organizations with high 30-day readmission rates for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia could see their annual hospital Medicare payments reduced by 1%, according to a final rule from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)”. (Clancey, 2013) Hospital readmissions are an increasing problem in hospitals across the country. Readmissions are not only costly but they jeopardize the health of the elderly who are at risk for loss of function, hospital-acquired infections, and other poor outcomes when hospitalized.
Newborns are only classified by gestational age and birth(vaginal or cesarean section). Therefore we lack insight and information of the primary diagnosis of the initial admission and the proportion of readmissions with a different DBC is also influenced. Another shortcoming is that we did not include readmissions that occurred in a different hospital and vice versa (admissions that were in fact readmissions from another hospital). Khan et al(26) described in their study that in same-hospital readmissions the readmission rate is underestimated, different-hospital readmissions constituted of 13.9% of all-hospital pediatric readmissions. This study contributes to the understanding of readmissions in our hospital.
This is a 20-item; self-report inventory that allows for early identification of symptoms of depression in children and adolescents ages 7-14. This tool screens for emotional and social difficulties that may impair a child 's ability to function in school settings. It includes items related to sleep disturbance; negative thoughts about self, life, and the future; and feelings of sadness and guilt. It is useful in planning and monitoring educational placement as well as in clinical treatment settings. The items are written at a second-grade level, but may be administered orally (usually in 5-10 minutes).
(2011) made an evaluation tool called QuEST Tool to determine the quality of life in patients receiving steroids particularly in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The focus of the study involves the determination of adverse effects of corticosteroids in long term or high dose therapy apart from physical side effects such as mood, behavior, cognition, body appearance and image as well as family relationships. This information can help in future drug development towards negative side effects of corticosteroids. The use of Prednisone instead of Dexamethasone in Jenny’s case is probably because of her age and health condition. Dexamethasone is believed to
Caleb Gumbs Dr. Craig Sophomore Seminar October 31, 2014 The Psychological Effects of Caffeine Consumption An Annotated Bibliography Luebbe, Aaron M., and Debora J. Bell. "Mountain Dew® Or Mountain Don 't? : A Pilot Investigation Of Caffeine Use Parameters And Relations To Depression And Anxiety Symptoms In 5Th- And 10Th-Grade Students." Journal Of School Health 79.8 (2009): 380-387.
(2007; 2009) did a diary study of persons with Alzheimer’s disease and their caregivers. This study included eighty-three ages 41-85 years. These 83 were people who volunteered to write a diary about being the family caregiver, and how their family member changes over time. These family caregivers provided the majority of home care of people with Alzheimer’s disease. In this study, it was discussed on how a family caregivers’ life orientation and changes in life orientation during the ﬁrst year after the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease.
The website Reachout.com states; “‘Depression’, which is often diagnosed as 'major depressive disorder ', is the feelings of sadness or a low mood that last longer than two weeks and starts to get in the way of your everyday life. Keep in mind that depression is a condition that can only be accurately diagnosed and treated by a health professional.” [Body 1] Depression often emerges during adolescence, through long-standing research from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare statistics show indicating signs that 1 in 5 adolescents experience depression by
The authors examined the therapeutic responses of psychopathic sex offenders (≥25 Psychopathy Checklist—Revised; PCL–R) in terms of treatment dropout and therapeutic change, as well as sexual and violent recidivism over a 10-year follow-up among 156 federally incarcerated sex offenders treated in a high-intensity inpatient sex offender program. Psychopathy and sex offender risk/treatment change were assessed using the PCL–R and the Violence Risk Scale—Sexual Offender version (VRS–SO), respectively. Although psychopathic participants were more likely than their nonpsychopathic counterparts (<25 PCL–R) to drop out, almost 75% of the former completed treatment. Psychopathic offenders who failed to complete sex offender treatment were more likely
Belsky and Jaffee (2006) found that parents with a history of conduct disorders were also more likely to display suboptimal parenting. A meta-analysis of 35 studies with 2064 mother-infants dyads, by Atkinson, Paglia, Coolbaer, NIccols, Parker, and Guger (2000) that depression had an effect size of r=.18, suggesting a small but significant effect. Though this was greater for clinical samples than community samples, these results indicate that the effect is still present in both high-risk and low-risk groups, contracting Lickenbrock (2015) who suggested that sensitivity may only be a predictor of attachment security in high-risk homes. This is significant as effects are usually compounded with high-risk families, and so the effect of maternal sensitivity may be amplified in high-risk groups. Therefore the small but significant effect size in community samples in Atkinson et al.