Sam Quinones’ Dreamland is a commentary about the opioid problem in America. Quinones draws attention to how in the twentieth century opioids were seen as addictive: “[D]octers treating the terminally ill faced attitudes that seemed medieval when it came to opiates” (184). In the 1970s, Purdue Pharma stated that opioids such as morphine were not addictive substances. After this study was released, many doctors began to view opioids as a viable option for pain relief. Throughout the rest of the book, Quinones explains the shift from doctors never prescribing opiates to prescription opiates being used to treat any sort of pain: chronic back pain, arthritis, severe headaches, etc.
BALLERDA, CHRISTINE JANE B. OT 1-1 LABRADOR, KATHRYN MAE J. MS. PEGGY ANNE OBRE Movie Critique of “Awakenings” The Writer: Dr. Oliver Sacks The Director: Penny Marshall The Year the movie was shown. (Any relevant situation that triggers the writing of the script) December 22, 1990 1 The movie is based on a true story. It is from the book of Dr. Oliver Sacks entitled “Awakenings.” The movie focused on the journey of finding cure to Parkinson’s disease-like named Encephalitis which is epidemic during the settings of the movie. Dr. Sacks found a drug to cure this catatonic disease which lead to a surprising outcome. 2 The movie happened in New York in 1969.
The movie is a true to life story, portraying how Dr. Sayer encountered patients with Encephalitis Lethargica and the events leading to his discovery of a treatment called Levodopa (L Dopa) and its effects. The story began with the child named Leonard Lowe, who becomes a victim of an epidemic disease called Encephalitis Lethargica that spread worldwide from 1917 to 1928. Due to his sickness, he stopped socializing with other children and his friends, for he feared that he might spread the disease. The story then skips to year 1969, where Dr. Sayer, applies for a job on a hospital in Bronx. Admitting he was only in the scope of an all in research with non-human subjects and was
Ambulo, Alyza Jessamine M. PT 11 Ms. Peggy Orbe Movie Critique of "The Awakenings" The Writer: Steven Zaillian (screenplay) and Oliver Sacks (book) The Director: Penny Marshall 1990 Awakenings is a 1990 American drama film based on Oliver Sacks ' 1973, it is based on a true story of British neurologist Oliver Sacks who discovered in 1969 a beneficial effects of the drug L-Dopa, a chemical that is made and used as part of the normal biology of humans. He is the one who administered to the catatonic patients who survived the 1917–28 epidemic
Abstract Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones. Previous abdominal surgery has been reported as an absolute contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy in early days of this technique but nowadays it considered as a relative contraindication. This study specifically investigate the effect of previous abdominal surgery on the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: This study included 120 well-documented patients with gallstones who underwent laparoscopic cholecystctomy at our surgical department between December 2008 and October 2012. The patients were classified into 2 groups: group A, patients without a history of previous abdominal surgery (n_90);
However, Albrecht von Gräfe, a pioneer of modern ophthalmology described the disease. [4,5] Three years later, one of his students, Richard Liebreich, examined the population of Berlin for disease pattern of deafness with retinitis pigmentosa. Liebreich noted Usher syndrome to be recessive, since the cases of blind-deafness combinations occurred particularly in the siblings of blood-related marriages or in families with patients in different generations. His observations supplied the first proofs for the coupled transmission of blindness and deafness, since no isolated cases of either could be found in the family trees. [6,7.
Introduction The “swinging pendulum” of extraction versus non-extraction treatment began with the Dewey – Case Debates of 19111, and remains unresolved to this day. E. H. Angle (1905), initially provided extraction treatment for his patients, but modified his approach to non-extraction therapy based upon the philosophy that ‘a full complement of teeth’ can be maintained by modifying the environment surrounding the dentition.2 Opposed to this non-extraction mode of therapy were Tweed and Begg (1963), who have reported patients demonstrating relapse during the retention period. They have advocated that more stable results could be achieved through treatment with extraction.3 In order to reach a decision on the preferred
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS) When you hear the Alice in Wonderland Syndrome I am sure that the first thing that will spring up in your mind is the famous adventure novel Alice in Wonderland. However, I will not be talking about a common disease such as the cold or flu, nor will I talk about dangerous diseases such as aids and cancer. Instead, I will talk about a strange disease that you probably do not know exists. Todd’s syndrome, also known as the Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, is one of the rarest disease in the world. The statistic showed that a total of 48 patients (average age 8.1 years) were diagnosed with "Alice in Wonderland" syndrome or "Alice in Wonderland"-like syndrome were identified.
The reason for invoking CL: Bayer did not market the drug for 4 years after taking the license. Due to lack of availability of life-saving cancer drugs to patients’ government granted CL to Nacto. Bayer moved IPAB against the order of granting CL to Nacto. Rare case of CL but a precedent in Indian patent legalese. Implications: Most drug companies will ask for compulsory licenses if the patent holder doesn’t supply the drug at the affordable price and required demand.
Schizophrenia as an independent mental disorder has already been known for over 100 years. However, all the attempts to establish its causes have failed so far. Until now, scientists have closely approached the disclosure of the genetic mysteries of disease, studying brain asymmetry - a phenomenon inherent to every human being. Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder connected with the infringement of associative thinking. In other words, this is a split in consciousness, soul fragmentation, and a breakdown of the human psyche.