Literature Review On Breast Feeding

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CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW This chapter would be discussed under the following sub-headings: conceptual review, empirical review, theoretical framework and summary of reviewed literature.
2.1 Conceptual Review
The Conceptual Review is discussed under the following headings
- Exclusive Breastfeeding Rate Globally
- The Innocent Declaration
- Nutritional Components and Properties of breast milk
- The Benefit of Exclusive Breastfeeding
- Associated Factors Inhibiting Successful Breastfeeding Practice
- Factors That Promote Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice
The Concept of Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice
Breast feeding has been reported to be an age-old practice that has been very important not only to the physiology, growth, and overall wellbeing
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Even when mothers were not in a position to breast feed due to sickness or death, other women were made to breast feed the newborn. Over time, these women, called wet nurses became readily and widely available for breastfeeding services, especially for affluent families. According to (Sellen, 2009), the emergence of wet nursing in human societies first served as an ‘alternative of need’ e.g. during sickness, and later an alternative of choice e.g when it became commercialized. In Europe for instance, wet nursing became a lucrative employment and had been the dominant form of infant feeding from early 15th century to mid-18th century. By late 16th to early 17th century, concerns about wet nursing had grown; and calls for mothers to breastfeed their own babies were supported by leading authorities like Jacques Guillemeau, a French Obstetrician (Stevens, Patrick &Picklers,…show more content…
Recent analysis by Cai, Wardlaw and Brown, (2010) on the global prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding across 140 countries, reported an increase in the developing world from 33% in 1995 to 39% in 2010. Among infants aged 0-5months, increase in west and central Africa was more than two fold that is from 12% in 1995 to 28% in 2010. There has also been a considerable improvement from 35% in 1995 to 47% in 2010 among countries in eastern and southern Africa, whereas those in South Asia witnessed a modest surge from 40% in 1995 to 45% in

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