Literature Review On Classroom Management

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CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW Classroom management and its significance: Managing student behavior has always been a primary concern of teachers for student misbehaviors have interfered with a positive learning environment (Shin & Koh, 2007). Over the past years, teachers expressed their concerns about controlling their students and managing their classes. Doyle (1980) stated that maintaining order in a classroom is a basic task of teaching as management activities lead to the establishment and maintenance of those conditions in which instruction can take place effectively and efficiently. Shin & Koh (2007) stated that effective classroom management plays a significant role for constructive educational environments for both learners and educators. First, it is important to know what classroom management is in order to understand its effects on the learning environment. Doyle (1986) defined classroom management as the actions and strategies teachers use to maintain order in their classrooms. Historically, classroom management was considered the same as discipline. Sanford, Emmer, and Clements (1983) stated that classroom management is broader than the concept of student discipline. It includes all the things teachers must do to stimulate student involvement and cooperation in classroom activities and to create a productive learning environment. Classroom management was defined as the teacher’s effort to create and maintain the classroom as an effective
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