Literature Review On Diabetes

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Literature Review According to Asif (2014) the amount and type of food consumed is a fundamental factor in human health. In fact, diet is one of the major factors associated with diabetes. Therefore, dietary management is a crucial aspect of the overall management of diabetes, which can either be diet alone, diet with oral hypoglycemic drugs, or diet with insulin. Similarly, Hill (2016) agreed that dietary management is essential for the effective management of diabetes and it is an essential component in achieving healthy blood glucose levels as well as ensuring the nutritional requirements of pregnancy are met. Eating nutritiously and on schedule as well as maintaining and achieving a healthy body weight, engaging in regular physical activity, regular self-monitoring of blood glucose, taking medications appropriately, recognizing and managing hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are also factors in the management of diabetes (Rubin & Napora, 2003). In addition to this, Bancher-Todesca and Djelmiš (2005) states that there has to be dietary advice which must not only be individually designed but it must also be specific to meet each client needs. Furthermore, dietary plan must be socially and culturally acceptable, thereby increasing the likelihood that the client will comply with their nutritional requirements. A diagnosis of DM has major implications for a woman 's pregnancy and care management (Enkin et al, 2000). Although, many women are unaware of the significant threat

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