Literature Review On Intergroup Relations

805 Words4 Pages
Review 1 – Intergroup Relations The study by Gaetner, Mann, Murrell and Dovidio (1989) aimed to investigate whether recategorisation of people could lead to decreased intergroup bias. Recategorisation was achieved through allocating members of two subgroups either as one superordinate group or as separated individuals that did not belong to any particular group (i.e., decategorisation). This study expected that people of two subgroups who were subsequently assigned in either one-group or separate-individual representations had decreased intergroup bias, in comparison to the ones who remained in the same subgroup (i.e., two-group categorisation). Consistent to the hypothesis, the findings revealed that individuals who were recategorised in both representations had lower levels of intergroup bias than the ones who maintained their original categorisation. The one-group representation showed less bias by increasing the attractiveness of former outgroup members, whilst the separate-individual representation reduced the attractiveness of former ingroup members. The one-group representation was seen as a better way to develop intimate relationship compared to the separated-individual one, supported by their higher likeness of intergroup interactions. Those within the one-group representation perceived their peers as more cooperative, trusting, and close compared to the separated-individual representation. One strength of this study is the contribution made in the topic of
Open Document