Literature Review On Job Productivity

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CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW The Importance of the Question Asked Many studies have been carried out to investigate the job productivity in all types of workplace physical environment. Most of the study, indicates the important of office designed to the nature of the job and the employee that are going to work in the organization. Job productivity is reaction from employee job performance. Performance of employee is affected by various factors at workplace such as employee itself, objective of the organization and commitment. It is defined as the way to perform the job tasks according to the job description. There are lots of factors that will affect the performance of employee at workplace. These factors include noise, office layout and…show more content…
Maldikar (2010) stated that loss of productivity due to varying surrounding noise conditions is directly proportional to the average intensity of noise. Noise is basically any unwanted sound that will become one of the factors that will effct the job performance of employee in productivity. Noise can come from office equipment, machine or conversation employee with others. Most of the workplaces expose employee to noise. The louder the noise, the more damage it can cause to employee. Noise and vibration can cause long-term damage to employee senses. Noise can come from power tools, plant, office equipment and machinery and noisy environments such as road works, airports and construction sites. Noise will effect employee by reduces they work performance that will effect they productivity in the…show more content…
Iram Shahzadi Yasir and Aftab Farooqi (2014) indicates that they are seeing productivity as the output of workers in which they gain by providing them suitable working conditions. Productivity can be understand by a percentage to measure how well an organization change its input resources such as labor, materials and machine into goods and services. Based on Hesapro (2013), productivity contributes to value creation by making continue better use of resources that will contribute to innovation and growth. Productivity will be synonymous with output. In scientific literature, productivity can be defined as the relationship between output and input or the relationship between proceeds and sacrifices. According to Lomonaco and Miller (1997), employee in the organization will be more productive when they are fully satisfied with their environmental conditions and they can work in greater comfort in the organization. It a ratio to measure on how well an organization, individual or industry can converts input resources such as labor, material and machines into goods and services. Improve employee working environment will increase employee productivity in the organization (Anam Iqbal,
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