Leader should apply different leadership style as per the need of situations. The objective of this essay is to review both traits and contingency leadership theories and indicate the more useful for leaders in organizations. The most notable four contingency theories of leadership include the Fiedler 's contingency theory, the Vroom-Yetton-Jago decision-making model of leadership, the path-goal theory and the situational leadership theory will be evaluated. This essay will start with the traits leadership theory follow by contingency
Concerning leadership, the word leadership in its self-implies to lead. This premise alone is a contradiction for servant leadership. The servant is to serve, while leadership is to lead. So how can a servant lead and a leader serve, this is the most prominent concept behind the theory. One does not have to be exclusive to the other, meaning
EVALUATING ELT MATERIALS 3 Evaluating ELT Materials before Implementation The selection of a course book is one of the most important decisions a teacher will make in shaping the content and nature of teaching and learning. It involves matching the material against the context in which it is going to be used, following the aims of the teaching program, as well as fitting the personal methodology of the teacher. In this paper, I will first look at the purposes of course books, including their limitations. Following this, I will examine several evaluation methods, as provided by leading experts in the field. I will then apply the model of one of these methods, designed by McDonough and Shaw, to a course book used to my own working context.
Task 4.1: Plan the development of leadership skills for a specific requirement. Leadership expertises are those expertises which possess in leader to enable his influence to motivate and inspire the group to achieve the targets. Leadership skills are demonstrate honesty, enthusiasm, evaluate complex situation, result driven, problem solving and remove hindrance. Leadership skill encompasses attitudes and behaviour which belong to humanity. Leadership is mostly concern behaviour and management mostly concern processes.
However, none of these traits, nor any specific combination of them, will guarantee success as a leader. Traits are external behaviours that emerge from the things going on within our minds – and it 's these internal beliefs and processes that are important for effective leadership. 2. Behavioural Theories – What Does a Good Leader Do? Behavioural theories focus on how leaders behave.
With these perspectives, a leader must possess necessary traits or character to influence others to run the organization or the unit effectively. According to Maxwell, leadership is influence while Mumford also defines it as transformational (Leadership Skills: Conclusions and Future Direction, 2000) of which it requires intelligence and competence. An author of Kakistocracy, states that leadership without intelligence gives rise to kakistocracy or an organization that is ruled by the unqualified managers and leaders. It entails integrity as well. According to him, without integrity, intelligence and competence will just become effective instruments for undesirable misconduct of leaders and managers.
Hence, the manifestation of traits appears to be influenced by the motives of the leaders. Practical experience shows that leaders tend to be effective when they employ traits or behaviors according to the needs of the situation. Hence, it may be seen that the effectiveness of leadership depends on the ability of the leader to identify the needs of the situation, organization, tasks and subordinates. This approach has been highlighted in other models of leadership such as the situational theory of leadership. At the same time, some of the most successful leaders such as Bill Gates and Steve Jobs are known for different traits which suit the needs of their industry and are admired by
This essay will explore the relationship between leadership and organisational performance based on the existing literature. Firstly, the essay will give a brief review about leadership and organisational performance. Then, it will explain different leadership theories and how they are relevant in the organisational performance. It will explain the different leadership styles, why they are important in an organizational environment and how it affects its performance. Lastly, it will summarise the main statements and conclude with supporting facts.
As a result, the article offers that future studies require incorporating evaluation of the formal development activities which arises due to program, seminar and workshops. They should also include the extent to which the development activities are linked to the committee work, job assignment and practical tasks provided by managers and peers. The suggestion provides a good course of direction which can help in further understanding of the topic and issues
The other mitigating factors according to Fielder and his associates on their work on contingency theory are “situation and the personality of the leader/manager”. The type of leadership style that the leader uses will depend on the situation and its nature. This is because situations are not the same in scope and in severity, which means each one of them will be unique and require different leadership styles. The personality of the leader could also control and influence how a leader approaches each situation. The way a charismatic, democratic and servant leader will approach problems will be different from how an authoritarian and dictatorship leader will manage the problem.