Literature Review On Leadership And Mentoring

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HRM2036-N - Leadership and Mentoring Assignment

Introduction This essay will be divided into two parts. Part A is the literature reviews on leadership and mentoring. In this literature review assignment, leadership and mentoring models, theories, benefits, the skills and competences in these two areas will be discussed. In the second part of the assignment, leadership and mentoring models will be applied into some situations. Example will be given by using a context of literature. Also, appropriate theoretical frameworks of skills and competences will be used to assess my potential to lead or mentor others.

A. Review the relevant literature on leadership and mentoring
Leadership
Most of the organisations require leadership. Therefore,
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(Victor Callan, 2012) In the early 1900s, trait approach was a popular theory but due to a lack of consistent evidence, it was disregarded in the 1950s. There some researchers found that some evidence for other traits identified such as ambition, energy, integrity, self-confidence, intelligence, and job relevant knowledge. Early trait researchers studied the personality attributes which related to leadership effectiveness, rather than researching exceptional historical figures. Many early researchers viewed leadership as a unidimensional personality trait that could be reliably measured and was distributed normally throughout the…show more content…
Contingency theory is also a behavioral theory based on the views that there is no “one best way” to lead an organization, organize cooperation or to make a decision. Contingency theory states that these actions are dependent to the internal and external factors. Therefore, it also states that there is no single theory of contingency management. Contingency theory means the leader’s ability to lead is contingent upon various situational factors, including the leader’s preferred style, the capabilities and behaviors of the followers and also various other situational factors. Some important contingencies for organisation including technology, suppliers and distributer, customers and competitors, consumers interest groups, government and unions. For instance, there are some researchers of contingency theory states that the decision making process depends on a number of variables. The first one is the importance of the decision which is the decision a strategic or difficult to reverse. The second one is the amount of information available to the leaders and subordinates which a similar decision has been made before and is there available information on the results. The third one is the relationship between leaders and subordinates more leaders are likely the greater support they will have from
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