More than one-fifth of children under the age of five in the developing countries face extreme poverty compared to 15% of 15-17 year old that live in poverty.It is appalling that children, as young as five years old are in danger. Specifically, Sub-Saharan Africa has both the highest rates of children living in extreme poverty at just under 49 %, and the largest share of the world’s extremely poor children, at just over 51%. 2 in 3 children suffer from childhood poverty, and according to Unicef, over 30% of Indian children lived in
Malnutrition is not just a stark manifestation of poverty, it is also the non-income face of poverty ‘and it helps perpetuate poverty (World Bank, 2012). 1.2. Statement of the Problem Malnutrition is a global issue with patterns and prevalence that vary significantly not only among different nations of the world but also in different region of a country. Health and physical consequences of prolonged states of malnourishment among children are: delay in their physical growth and motor development; lower intellectual quotient (IQ), greater behavioral problems and deficient social skills; susceptibility to contracting diseases (WHO, 2011). Under nutrition remains a devastating problem in many developing countries affecting over 815 million people causing more than one-half of child death (UNICEF 'S, 2009).
Abstract Background: Malaria is a major contributor to child ill health; more than 10 million of the world’s children die each year before reaching the age of five. In Africa, where the majority of Malaria occurs, the highest mortality affects children less than 5 years of age. Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence rate and risk factors of malaria infection
The Continent with the highest amount of people suffering with malnutrition, relating to undernourishment, is Africa. Ethiopia and Nigeria are both third world countries, and are greatly suffering from malnutrition. Being undernourished is when your body doesn’t receive enough nutrients. Starvation is also a form of malnutrition; starvation is the main reason for malnutrition in third world countries. Poverty is thriving this these countries, which can lead to the high rate of malnutrition.
Also, some diseases are uncontrollable, leading to higher mortality rates. For those who live in tropical regions, they are most likely to be affected by malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, which are rooted in neglected tropical diseases. On other hands, most of these infections threaten societies globally such as malaria which puts people at risk. In fact," malaria deaths reached 445 000 in 2016, a similar number (446 000) to 2015". (WHO,2016).
Micronutrient deficiency condition is widely spreading in developing and in developed countries. Micro-nutrients deficiency, also known as malnutrition, due to which more than two billion populations are suffering across the world; and many of them die due to micronutrient deficiency diseases (UNICEF, 2008). There is silent outbreak of Vitamin and mineral deficiencies which is affecting people of all genders, ages, as well as to certain risk groups. Micronutrient deficiency conditions related to many chronic diseases, such as osteoporosis, osteomalacia, thyroid deficiency colorectal cancer and cardiovascular diseases (Theodore, 2010). The National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB), during the year 2002-03, carried out Micronutrient Deficiency Survey (MND) to assess the prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency (VAD), Iron Deficiency Disorders (IDD) and Iodine Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) among the target individuals in rural eight States (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, and West Bengal).
Dental caries is the most prevalent and common oral diseases that become the worldwide concern. The oral health status had been decreased in the end of century, but the prevalence of dental caries is still being the significant problem with varying prevalence in many countries, particularly in developing countries. World Health Organization recorded that 60-90% children in the world had suffered dental caries (Petersen et al., 2005). In Thailand, prevalence of dental caries in 12 years old based on recent National Oral Health Survey showed that more than 50% children were affected, while prevalence in 3 years old and 5 years old reached 52.7% and 78.5% respectively (National Oral Health Survey, 2012). The Global Oral Health Goals – WHO in the
. Introduction 1.1Background Globally, Malaria remains to be a major problem causing an unacceptable toll on the health and economic welfare of world’s poorest communities. There are some evidences that shows malaria and poverty are intimately connected and currently given as a cause of poverty in poor malarious countries. World Health Organization report has shown that the disease is estimated to be responsible for an estimated average annual reduction of 1.3% in economic growth for those countries with the highest burden (1, 2).Africa has the greatest burden of malaria cases and deaths in the world. In 2000, malaria was the principal cause of (around 18%) deaths among children under 5 years of age in sub Saharan Africa.
Overnutrition is an excessive in nutrient intake that can lead to the several diseases. According to statistics produce by World Health Organization (WHO), in Africa and South Asia, 27−51% of women is underweight and about 130 million children are underweight. This disease had become serious health problem that linked to the increasing rate of mortality and morbidity. During pregnancy, the expected mother needs to take enough of vitamin and minerals to prevent anything bad happen to the baby. Nowadays, malnutrition in children is rare but in
Other challenges faced by low income African elders are categorized into three which includes a.) Elders are looked up to cater and take up responsibilities of the family as they are the major providers and caregiver to their children, b.) The problem on the elders has increased with the high rate of mortality amongst teenagers in their prime due regional conflicts and increased pandemic rates of HIV-AIDS, c.) the customary safety net of the extended family has been rendered ineffective and undependable for the elderly. Even though some number of research have studied the welfare consequences of these developments on children. Some research have analyzed the poverty situation amongst elderly groups systematically in Africa especially low income countries as well as role of social