Theories Of Migration

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Migration (Literature Review) [Draft 2] Migration (human) is the movement of people from one place in the world to another for the purpose of taking up permanent or semi-permanent residence, usually across a political boundary. An example of "semi-permanent residence" would be the seasonal movements of migrant farm labourers. People can either choose to move (voluntary migration) or be forced to move (involuntary migration). Migrations have occurred throughout human history, beginning with the movements of the first human groups from their origins in East Africa to their current locations in the world. Migration to us humans as a specie is embedded in our genes and we’ve been carrying out this form of instinctive behaviour ever since we first…show more content…
Though his theory is considered as the classical theory, the modern theory largely comprises of most of the laws that he had listed down. Many of his points which form part of the classical theory alone (not modified) can be used to set the basis of the study on human displacement and movement. For example, his point on “urban residents are often less migratory than inhabitants of rural areas” can be used to explain how or why the net migration rate of a rural based economy is negative. He also has listed out several push and pull factors of migration which I believe in strongly. Push factors include low wages, high unemployment rates, and lack of health care while pull factors include high wages, low unemployment, better standards of living, high quality education, etc. It is particularly these factors that incline individuals to move from one place to another taking considerably less consideration of how life in their home country is. And hence, according to Daugherty H. G. and Kammeyer K. W.1995, migration activities are mostly a result of economic opportunities elsewhere. Ernest Ravenstein has also mentioned that migration leads to further migration, so a variable could possibly be set up for…show more content…
Labour is an important aspect of human life and economic development. People require wages in order to buy goods to survive otherwise it would largely by a subsistence economy (which no longer exists) and labour is an important factor of production which is required for development, something each nation is striving towards. The two types of labour mobility which he mentions are geographic mobility and occupational mobility. The factors of migration which we can extract out of this theory are political restrictions to immigrants, labour demand and supply, unemployment rates, wage rates or even how technologically intensive an economy is. Brent Radcliffe talks about two perspectives of labour mobility, the personal level and the aggregate level. For this paper I will only take into account the aggregate
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