Disaster is an occurrence of any event which causes loss and damage to a community which is beyond their capacity to cope up with. It’s a result based on a combination of higher vulnerability and insufficient capacity. Disaster are of two types i.e. natural such as earthquake, floods, drought, avalanches etc. and man-made such as industrial, transport accidents, urbanization and pollution etc.
It causes both unrecoverable material and life harm .Earthquakes are basic wonders that arise with effect of a significant measure of parameters, for instance, seismic changes , changing in the water's temperature, etc. The effect of the occasion is awful in light of the fact that it influences a vast zone to happen all of a sudden and unpredictably. Earthquake can cause extensive scale death rate, property and damages. The fundamental administrations, for example, water, sanitation, vitality, correspondence, transportation etc is affected by earthquake. Earthquakes crush urban communities and towns, as well as the impacts prompt the destabilization of the monetary and communal texture of the country.
It occurs unpleasant sound stirs our ears and results to psychological problems such as stress, hypertension, hearing impairment, etc. The primary causes of soil pollution are loud music and industrial noises. Radioactive pollution, though rear, is the most dangerous form of pollution when it occurs. It can be caused by nuclear plant malfunctions, accidents, improper nuclear waste disposal, etc. most of its effects are a severe and long term in nature and include defects at the time of birth infertility, blindness, cancer, can affect air and water as well as sterilizing
Disaster characteristic and management stages Current Natural or Man-Made Disaster Disaster is a calamitous event that disrupt the community and brings human, material and economic loses, exceeding society ability to overcome using its own resources (Nies & McEwen, 2015). Depending on the severity of the disaster, it can be classified as disaster with multiple casualties (number of affected people from 2 to 100), or mass casualty disaster (with over 100 injured individuals). Understanding the nature of disaster enables to prepare and develop plans and procedures. Type of Disaster Natural disaster includes events associated with the weather phenomena – earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, flood, wildfires or biological factors
Introduction When natural disasters strike unexpectedly they can be dreadful and cause enormous harm, loss or devastation to countless lives. Disasters have been classified as ecologic dilemma or brutal and high-magnitude emergencies resulting in deaths, injuries, illnesses, and severe damages that cannot be successfully managed easy. Natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions etc, These disasters may begin acutely with dramatic health, social effects. In recent years, many people have been killed by natural disasters and it’s not very easy to control the effects after they strike, leaving countless diseases. Natural disasters such as earthquakes severely increase the mortality and morbidity resulting from communicable
The main definition of natural disaster is “any catastrophic event that is caused by nature or the natural processes of the earth”. Natural disasters happen all around the world, it is a major event resulting from a natural process of the Earth, for example the most common are hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, tornados, and volcanic eruptions. A natural disaster can cause a lot of damage, and also loss of life. These disasters typically cause economic damage, which it´s very difficult to recover from. Some of the events will not rise to the level of a natural disaster if it occurs in an area without vulnerable population, however if it occurs in a vulnerable and populated area, it is considered a natural disaster, and it can cause serious damages that can last for a lot of years.
But, the Philippines is the heavily affected country by these typhoon that brings up to loss of human life, extensive damage to property and loss of livelihood of individuals. Cause of Flood. There are large number of studies of natural disaster such as flood states that flood is the major problem in different countries, specifically here in the Philippines that can harm our properties and our everyday lifestyle. According to Evans (2011) he stated that in weather disaster, it’s was unpredictable when will it happen, whether sooner or later no one knows. Weather disasters includes hurricanes, tornadoes, flashfloods, extreme cold and extreme heat weather that can affect our body temperature which is climate change and also floods is the most various problem here in the Philippine when it comes to weather disasters.
Defining in simple terms, disasters are sudden events, such as an accident or a natural catastrophe, that cause great damage or loss of life. It can result in detrimental impacts to local communities, diminishing social and economic gains. Across local communities, the most indigent and susceptible are especially at risk and are more likely to
4. Literature Reviews International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (n,d para. 1) states that disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously interfere the functioning of a community or society and cause human, material and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to survive by using their own resources. Mohamed Shaluf (2007) was state that disaster was classified into three types which is naturals, man-made disaster and hybrid disaster. Flood disaster is the one example of the natural disaster.
3. Review of Literature 3.1 Natural disasters Natural disasters are sudden massive damage causing events with atmospheric, geologic, and hydrologic origins. These disasters include landslides, earthquake, floods, tsunami, volcanic eruptions, landslides, road accidents and drought. Since 2 decades, natural disasters have killed millions of people and affected the lives of at least 1 billion more people, and resulted in substantial economic crises (Watson et al., 2007). Developing countries are disproportionately affected as they lack resources, infrastructure, and disaster-preparedness systems. Deaths associated with natural disasters, especially in rapid-onset disasters, are overwhelmingly due to blunt trauma, crush-related injuries, or drowning.