Parenting styles literature review At present, it is well known that parents are not the only ones who contribute to the socialization process in children but they are still the main key concept in child development and socialization of children in society as the constitutes the first element of socialization for human beings (Maccoby, 1992). The relationship between parents and their children has a significant influence on the children, the parental styles are considering as effective elements that help the child to shape their view of themselves and their world (Santrock, 2005 as it cited in Sartaj and Aslam, 2010). Pinquart (2017) stated that there were two of perspectives had been adopted in parenting literature: first; a dimensional
They basically mold and shape their children into adults through their world of influence (Baumrind, 1971). Parents’ behavior is essential especially during the period of adolescent due to an increase of youth risky performance. Nevertheless, teaching is like a double-edged sword. It may be turned to dangerous uses if it is not properly handled (Wu Ting-Fang). Like this, parenting can be either positive or negative factor toward delinquency.
It is difficult to protect children from all the ups and downs of life. Teaching values to children takes time, which is a scarce commodity in our increasingly challenging time. As a result, external influences like peer pressure and the internet are having a greater effect to children, shaping their perspectives and behaviours more than ever before. Resilience, respect, kindness, honesty, courage, discipline, compassion and trustworthiness are among the values that parents must instill to their children. Inculcating solid morals to children protects them from negative societal influences and lays the foundation for them to become responsible
Despite the fact that identity development occurs throughout one 's lifetime, adolescence is the stage where individuals begin to think and experience a sense of self or identity for the first time and how that could affect their lives (Steinberg, 2008). Identity development in the teen years includes ethnic and cultural identity, gender identity, sexual identity, interpersonal, health, body image, and learning to handle adult responsibilities. While teens are exploring on what makes them distinctive or special, they also have an increased need to fit in into the society. Therefore, identity development can be challenging particularly for teens who feel different from
This began prompting questions regarding the morality and social concern for children working such long hours and in such harsh conditions (Woodhead 2013: 118). This concern further prompted child study to evaluate how children’s growth and development may be affected by child labor and potential deprivation of childhood. Such study began to establish norms and standards regarding children’s development; distinctions in normality and abnormality were formed as an attempt to monitor healthy
Even though there are many factors in the environment that is affecting one’s life, family held the most significant impact and will have the prominent impact to the development. According to Feldman, the child will have her/his first interaction in the family, they will learn how to interact and respond socially, begin to understand how others think and reason about behavior, learn to deal with parenting styles within the family, and unfortunately some children experience neglect, abuse, crime, and violence, and are forced what it means to be resilient and to overcome such hardship from the beginning of consciousness. From my assessment, I have observed the personalities and mannerism problem of a person materialize through their
Are you the oldest, middle, or youngest of your family? You may not think this is important but in reality, it is. Birth order can definitely affect a person 's personality and intelligence. “The Achiever, the Peacemaker and the Life of the Party: How Birth Order Affects Personality”, an article by Dr. Gail Gross says that a shift in parenting is one of the reasons why some children have different personalities than their siblings. There is also evidence to show that parents changing their discipline with different children and investing different amounts of time can result in different performances in school, from, “Why First-Born Kids Do Better in School” by V. Joseph Holtz.
A persons fate of destiny is significantly shaped by family and parental techniques for raising children and families ' training systems are considered amongst the most essential factors for a child’s character formation. These can serve as constraining or reassuring factors in their growth process. (Kamijani M, Maher F. 2007 ).The impact of parenting on the development of their children have been a study of importance by developmental psychologists. However, the connection between the definite actions of parents and the subsequent behaviours of children is very difficult to find. In an early 1960s, study conducted by Diana Baumrind on more than 100 preschool-age children, using parental interviews, research methods and also naturalistic observation indicated four important dimensions of parenting: • Communication styles • Warmth and nurturance • Expectations of maturity and control • Disciplinary strategies Denoting to the above dimensions, Diana Baumrind was of the viewthat the bulk of parents exhibited one of three different parenting styles which are explained as follows.
Considering these, the guidance of parents is an important factor in order for their children to have a successful transition. Teenage stage is considered a difficult transition in one’s life because it involves many developmental changes. The period that a person experiences
As seen in Anika Doggett work on “Juvenile Delinquency and family structure” she clearly pointed that, a child will definitely engage in delinquent activities if the family does not succeed in maintaining an excellent communication. According to Wright and Wright (1994) “the family is the foundation of human society”. Thus, Anika Doggett confirmed that those children who are prone to adopt a delinquent behavior are those children who are rejected and neglected by their parents. She also demonstrates that, delinquency also affect those children who live in homes and who experience constant conflict or who are inefficiently controlled. “Families are one of the strongest socializing forces in life.