Literature Review On Perinatal Depression

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Scientific Writing review,
Helen Gabbrielli

Postpartum depression and Perinatal depression in underdeveloped, developing and low income countries.

Links between socioeconomic difficulty and depression.


This review aspires to interest it’s readers on the importance of social, environmental and economical factors in the mind of a mother to be in underdeveloped, developing and low income countries. The background of this review is the ever rising number of women suffering from perinatal and postpartum depression, concentrating on in low income and developing countries. The question I hope to answer is why it is happening and how are women and children being treated? The aim is to understand what factors increase the possibility
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Postpartum depression is a pretty common disorder in the western and developed world and even more common in developing countries; it includes symptoms such as inconsolable crying, mood changes, irritation, loss of interest, insomnia and hypersomnia.
As we illustrated until now pregnancy and motherhood can be a beautiful period of time as well as a traumatic experience for most women, but the aim of this review is to assess the risk factors, awareness and treatment of Postpartum depression and Perinatal Depression in low-income and developing countries.

Considering Postpartum Depression and Perinatal Depression from a world wide perspective, we can assess that the percentage of women suffering from these mental problems is quite different throughout the globe. Approximately 10 to 15 % of western women affected by this disorder as opposed to the 34.7% in South Africa , the 23% in Goa or the 15.8% in Arab women.
Most of the mental burdens developed in low income countries are said to be attributable to a human development failure such as poverty, lines such as HIV and gender
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Accordingly, treating depression in developing countries has been shown to boost economic productivity, particularly among the most disadvantaged. A study in Uganda, for example, found that interpersonal group therapy for women with depression improved their ability to undertake economic activities, while treatment in India increased the number of productive workdays for patients. Risk factors mentioned earlier in the article regarding in particular women in developing countries, such as poverty, health issues and lack of empowerment were found to be important maintaining factors of depression and moderators, which are variables that change, increase or decrease, the otherwise established effects of therapies like Cognitive Behavioral therapy. Locally developed interventions succeeded in tackling those problems, the treatment of the mental problems was found to help with the issue of poverty and the child-mother relationship. Culturally adapted cognitive behavioral therapy with in addition support given to the depressed women by family and particularly the husband has been found to be very helpful as well as targeted support with the result of implementing economical empowerment in women, debt and issues in child

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