Literature Review On Post Stroke Depression

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EMERGING NON PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPY FOR POST STROKE DEPRESSION AND ITS FUTURE ASPECTS: A REVIEW ABSTRACT Background: Post stroke depression (PSD) is a psychiatric disorder associated with stroke which has an adverse effect on the cognitive function and survival. It usually develops in 40% of the stroke survivors within 3 months. This article reviews the research examining on non pharmacological treatment for PSD. Methods: A thorough literature review was performed using PsychInfo, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and PLOS databases for non pharmacological treatment of PSD. Results: Early rehabilitation and psychological therapies are effective in treating depression in PSD while physiotherapy and music therapy are known to improve both cognitive and movement disability. Transcranial stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy are invasive procedures used to treat cognitive impairment in PSD. Computerized therapy helps to improve attention, memory and executive functioning. DepReT stroke is a package which addresses patients along with their caregiver to have a better understanding of the depression. Robot assisted rehabilitation along with traditional rehabilitation was found to be effective in treating motor function associated with PSD. Limitation: Some non pharmacological treatment can be used to treat only cognitive decline associated with post stroke depression not the motor impairment, though motor disability is one of the risk factor for depression in PSD. Conclusion: Early

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