It’s the recipient that counts Secondly, it is interesting to see if there is a difference of the effect of pro-social spending on happiness depending on who exactly is being spoiled. From an experiment where participants were randomly assigned to one of two conditions in which they had to recall a spending on either a weak social tie or a strong social tie and later indicated their affect levels on a modified Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), they found a sufficient statistically significant effect of strong social ties on happiness (Aknin, Sandstorm, Dunn & Norton, 2011). To that end, it was concluded that indeed a higher level of intimacy predicts more happiness when money is spent on others (Aknin, Sandstorm, Dunn & Norton, 2011). Moderators and mediators of pro-social spending and
Happiness is the value or condition of feeling happy, joy or pleasure. Many arguments, researches and studies have been made about whether money can buy a person’s happiness or not. Researchers state that only people who are living in poverty, unhappy or overly wealthy agree to the statement that money cannot buy happiness. In fact, it is how one works with their money that leads to happiness. Money can eliminate the struggle of money problems, which most likely outcomes to unhappiness, additionally, money can buy happiness as long as one gives some of the money away.
When this information is shared, it can benefit the subordinate but also the whole organization (Nouri & Parker, 1998). In their research paper, Nouri & Parker (1998) discover that budget participation positively affects job performance. However, the relationship is not direct but mediated through budget adequacy and organizational commitment which both have a positive relationship with job performance. Thus, through budget participation, not only job performance is indirectly boosted. In fact, budget participation improves budget adequacy, which in turn increases planning quality, as well as organizational commitment is positively affected which increases
(1991) indicates that the balance between negative and positive feelings is a good indicator of happiness. This suggests the measurement of objective happiness by means of individual balance of positive and negative experiences. Other studies revealed that purely measuring positive emotions, strong implications could be made about the individual happiness level; they can be seen as markers and sources of happiness (Diener, 2005). This is the reason why Seligman only used positive emotions in the PERMA model. Having a valued and worth filling positive life also strongly depends on positive emotions, (Fredrickson, 2001) due to the high correlation of life satisfaction and SWB (Michalos, et al., 2009).
The study analyzed the data of the pros and cons of utilizing a “Payee” both case managers and consumers agreed that the “Payee” is beneficial to positive progression. The consensus is that as the relationship between the case manager and consumer grows so does the relevance of elevated quality of life especially areas surrounding stable housing. The research concludes the benefits of “Payees” outweigh the negative propaganda (Dixon, Turner, Krauss, Scott, &
If I held a utilitarianism belief I would be looking at maximizing happiness (Sandel, 2009). Jeremy Bentham states we are governed by our feelings of pleasure and pain. The utilitarian approach uses this for the basis of maximizing the pleasure of the community as a whole. Sometimes individual rights can be sacrificed to save the happiness in the majority of the community. According to the Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy, the utilitarian view would seek to maximize the overall good.
Income of individuals is the element that enables people to acquire what they need. To assure happiness, at least, people have to cater for basic and some common luxury. The level of happiness, however, may differ depending on an individual level of income with high-income earners suggesting increase happiness while those are earning lesser suggesting reduced happiness. Well-Being is a subjective attribute and as such cannot be calculated using any analytical method satisfactorily and people will be happy differently despite earning the same amount of income. Not only depends on how much you earn, it depends on how you spend your
The personality test allows managers to choose candidates based on how well they scored in extraverted and conscientious portions. The personality test showed a positive correlation with citizenship, performance, and promotional potential. Tanglewood’s interest is seeking to develop an internal culture, having employees collaborate, and promote a positive working environment which can be found through results of a personality test. The predictors assist managers in analyzing a potential employee’s characteristics that may not be derived from a
How to please them and do what satisfies them. What consumers want, and what marketers think they want, may be very apparent. For a marketer, it is one of the most important, if not the most important thing to know the wants and needs, and what makes a consumer happy. What really matters to consumers? According to, “The 3 Psychological Triggers that Matter to Happy Customers”, the first trigger is personal touch, making something more personal to the consumer.
One of these researchers’ name is Michael Norton. He has researched how money can buy happiness if used in a prosocial way. Second is a woman named Elizabeth W. Dunn. She has researched on how talking to a stranger could make you happier. Finally, Jacob Soboroff has researched what makes us happy in general.