Everyone of us has various ways to respond with stress, thus there's no one size that fits all the solutions on how to cope up with it. Stress management, however, could help us to cope with stress in healthier ways that have a positive effect on our lifestyle, thoughts, emotions and the way to deal with problems. Also, this helps us to reduce the harmful effects of stress and to prevent it to be out of control again. Healthy or unhealthy ways to cope up with stress could also lead on making the matters worse for the person itself. These are considered as temporary ways to reduce stress, but these can also bring more damage in the long run.
Stress can have positive effects too. According to Hans Selye, the endocrinologist who did pioneering work on stress response, not all stress is bad, it can be viewed as ‘stimulation to growth and development, it is challenge and variety, it is the spice of life’. Eustress / Positive stress This occurs when the level of stress is enough to motivate someone to move into action in order to get things accomplished. Eustress (positive stress) increases the efficiency Distress / negative stress • This occurs when the level of stress is either too low or too high. Here the body and/or mind starts to respond negatively.
The word ‘stress’ in English according to Oxford dictionary is a state of mental or emotional strain, or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances (Oxford English Dictionary, 2000). Stress may include feelings, thought and physiological reactions that happen as a results of stressful events. Which means any interference disturbing individual’s well-being both physically and mentally. Stress can also be described as a system of consequence response to an action or situation that places special physical or psychological demands or both on a person resulting from the interaction of a person and that person’s environment (Hellriegel, et al.,
Cortisol, the primary stress hormone is produced when a person is under stress. In short term such as when being chased by a wild animal, the stress response helps humans beings in survival. But if the cortisol remains in the bloodstream for a long duration of time, it begins to impair the immune system, hence being the cause of many infections and health problems. (Bickerstaff, 2010) Physical impairment by stress can also be explained by Hans Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome model as discussed in
It is noteworthy that being resilient does not mean free from being distress in adversity, but being able to return to a positive mind shortly (American Psychological Association, n.d.). II. Importance of resilience to leadership Being the directors in managing crisis and mediating interpersonal conflicts even facing resource shortages, resilience is an indispensable quality of successful leaders (Jackson & Daly, 2011). The whole team’s progress will be hindered due to the disappearance of driving force from the leader if he depressed. The positive relationship between leadership skills and resilience was found in an empirical study.
Stress is defined as “the brain’s response to any demand” according to The National Institute of Mental Health, which means it is how the brain reacts in a situation or events. Stress could be positive depending on the situation, not always negative. Many of us have realized that getting pressurized in a situation which leads to stress pushed us to give the best result. This is because the brain detected a real threat and quickly releases hormones that encourage us to protect ourselves. Besides that stress have its side effects on humans.
Stress throws several brain neurotransmitter systems — such as serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine — out of balance, negatively affecting mood, appetite, sleep and libido. Some severely depressed people have permanently elevated cortisol levels, which can eventually
The human body needs some stress to react to it. Stress can be positive and making people alert. However, when a person is faces continuous problem without relaxation, this can cause this person overwork and stress related tension is build. It is important to clearly understand the definition of this phenomenon in order to assess the value of stress in human daily life. Failure is not an option in human life.
(p. 105) Stress is a response to a perceived danger. It comes from the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), part of the autonomic nervous system. One of the most well know theories of stress response is the flight or fight theory. When a stressor presents itself the body prepares for action by increasing blood pressure, blood flow to large muscles, blood glucose concentration, muscular strength mental activity and
It states that individuals that have negative emotions may weaken the response of the immune system. Positive affects influences responses to stress at different levels. Firstly people enjoying more positive affect do not have so many social conflicts, so the stress will have, while when having to deal with stressful situations people with positive affect have better social networks on which they can rely on. People carry a lot of burden at heart which makes them get tired easily and get worn out easily making them prone to diseases and other health problems. Optimism hope and positive expectations are elements that can protect health in challenging situations for peoples equilibrium by means of dirsct paths.