Literature Review On Sustainable Development

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CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0 Introduction
This chapter discusses key concepts and terminologies that relevant to the study. It has been discussed in themes which also reflect the study objectives. The chapter reviews both theoretical and empirical literature. Theoretical literature reviews the definitions of key concepts such as sustainability and its participation. The empirical literature reviews previous studies that are more related to the present research.

2.1 The concept of sustainability
UN’s definition of sustainable development as captured in the Brundtland Report (1987) views sustainable development of enhancing the priorities and needs of the world’s current population without compromising the intricacies of the environment. In other words, sustainable development seeks to enhance the present socio-economic welfare of people whilst promoting the durability and ability of the earth and its environment to contain future population. Just as the present population deserve a decent life in meeting their basic needs of food, clothing, shelter and others, future generation likewise have a legitimate right to these too. Consequently, in their quest to achieve their legitimate socio-economic living, the well-being of the environment and its resources should not be relegated to the background but a reasonable balance.

According to Kates et al (2005), the Brundtland Report sought to strike a balance between socio-economic development on one hand, and environmental
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