Literature Review: Origins And Evolution Of Dark Tourism

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Chapter One Literature Review 1.1 Origins and Evolution of Dark Tourism Dark Tourism (Foley & Lennon, 1996), the most common phrase used to describe visiting historical sites relating to mass death and atrocities, has roots in the scholastic works and terminology of black spot tourism (Rojek ,1993), thanatourism (Seaton, 1996), dissonant heritage tourism (Tunbridge & Ashworth, 1996), and morbid tourism (Blom, 2000). Seaton 's term "thanatourism" is also well-known within literature as it refers to the origins of this dark type of tourism. Thanatoptic tradition -dates back to the Middle Ages- refers to the contemplation and interest in death. Additionally, Seaton (2009) highlights the fact that thanatourism is entrenched in the Christian traditions. Therefore, the idea of dark tourism is not a new one and the dawn of such interest in death, in addition to places of atrocities and disasters, started long time ago. The interest of the public in attending Roman gladiatorial games is suggested by Stone (2006) to be among the early forms of dark tourism in which death was the focus of interest. For this reason, the Roman Colosseum is considered one of the early dark tourism attractions. In further support of his argument, Stone also cites public hangings in the Medieval Times which acted as a symbol of penalty procedures and ,at the same time, a show for a variety of visitors (Stone & Sharpley, 2008). The purpose of witnessing the execution of two criminals is suggested by

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