Skin Repellent

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LITERATURE REVIEW
Repellents and Treated Fabrics Researchers in the 1960’s from the U.S. Army Medical Research Unit conducted a comparative efficacy test of Diethyltoluamide skin-application and M-1960 impregnated-clothing against mosquitoes in the nipah palm-mangrove swamps of Malaya (30). In this study, it was shown that the combination of skin repellent and clothing treatment provided the best protection against mosquito bites. Use of skin repellent was effective at preventing bites to the skin but this resulted in an increase in mosquitoes landing on the untreated uniform and biting through it. Solely treating the uniform with repellent had a similar effect, driving the mosquitoes to the unprotected skin areas. This experiment required
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This study used both knock-down cone tests along with arm-in-cage repellency tests against Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. These combinations along with microencapsulated mixtures extended washing durability when compared to the conventional treatment method. Their results indicated promising methods for future impregnation techniques. In this study, the volunteers inserted a forearm treated with a test sample into a cage containing 400 laboratory reared mosquitoes to test for…show more content…
SPECIFIC AIMS
This study will investigate the mosquito bite protection provided by fabrics treated with two different concentrations of picaridin as compared with the current US Army permethrin factory-treated uniform. It will focus on the following specific aims:
1. To count the number of successful blood meals adult female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes complete by biting through fabrics treated with 18 ml, 36 ml concentration of picaridin, the standard US Army permethrin treated fabric, and an untreated fabric.
2. To count the number of successful blood meals adult female Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes complete by biting through fabrics treated with 18 ml, 36 ml concentration of picaridin, the standard US Army permethrin treated fabric, and an untreated fabric.
3. Compare any difference between bite-through (bloodfed) counts of the two picaridin treated fabrics vs. standard Army permethrin treated fabric by the two mosquito
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