What feels best both in terms of your gender or sexuality.” How that relates to the readings is the Gender Binary discussed in chapter one or two, what makes a person male or female. As the book explains, we all have different glasses on how we define or see a person’s gender identity. Instead of society stereotyping for others on what makes us too masculine or feminine, we should focus on our own happiness. 2. How does the discussion of sex verses gender emerge from this documentary?
Therefore in this respect, the film fails to signify that gender can exist strong enough without sex determining it. Particularly in a world where transgender movement is becoming more commonly observed, the general cogitation of sex as biological and of gender as social are proven to be false, in fact, both these concepts are socially constructed and therefore relative to place and time. This is evidenced in the film where the level of acceptance of her sexuality changes from one setting to the other and in fact this transition of gender despite sex is being accepted in a Parisian setting contrasted to that being restricted by sex in an European culture. Therefore sex is a changing and a fluid multi-dimensional construct where social and cultural experience direct sexual identity. Hence it is absolute for sexual identity to be constructed over the life course and not determined at
It would seem that queer theory could confront biopolitical structures through careful attention to intersectionality and visibility initiatives. After all, queerness rests on deviancy and a challenging of the normative. In doing so, however, queerness positions one set of queer subjects (those that do not transgress) as “ideal”, while demarcating those queers whose identities or lives appear non-normative, deviant, and
Two major works, The History of Sexuality by Michel Foucault and Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality by Sigmund Freud try to piece together sexuality and its meaning to society through analysis and observation. Sexuality isn’t new; it’s been real but has been forced into repression based on the fact that it defies heteronormative standards. Sexuality’s connection to social theory and social relations is one that is defined by the influences of social hierarchies on the definition of sexuality and the way that we view it. In The History of Sexuality, Foucault posits that society’s views on sex and sexuality shifted dramatically over the course of a few centuries. His argument doesn’t neglect the fact that same-sex desires or relationships were new; his findings revealed that sexual desire runs deeper than just sex.
Nonetheless, from the previous statement, it could be interpreted that Haruka and Michiru are queer in a different way. In other words, Haruka is seen as masculine whereas Michiru is seen as feminine. We could see that although they are under the queer umbrella, we cannot identify or view them collectively as “in the queer universe, to be queer
The word ‘queer’ originally emerged out of an academic framework, and subsequently became used by non-academics as a term of identity in the 1990’s. Queer Post-structuralist theory sought to define sexualities as different as opposed to the goals of the gay liberation movement of assimilation and universality (Queer theory, 77). The terms gay and lesbian were not adequate for academia because they represented a different mindset and historical period of attempts to unify through similarities. In essence, the post-structuralists exposed the faults of the gay liberation movement as exclusionary (Queer Theory, 76). By taking a line of difference, academics helped form the word queer and provide it with its non-specificity (Queer Theory, 76).
‘Others’ are in a way shunned and alienated because they do not fit into the dominant categories depicted in our culture. This is illustrated in the essay “Purity and Pollution” by Nancy Fischer when she explained that as time has gone on not necessarily the act but the identity of the person performing the act determined the morality of it. This is why minorities can be shamed because the dominant group will claim superiority over them. Fischer writes, “people may use what we call ‘informal social control’ – gossip, shunning, giving people nasty looks, calling them names – to communicate that they are not following the norms of their social milieu and that they had better step in line and conform if they want others’ acceptance and friendship”
Normative aspects of society will sometimes label these groups as deviant. Consequently, For sociologists, this has opened a new frame of thinking known as Queer theory,this in turn adds to the field of sociology as a whole. Exploring this field of study Arlene Stein and Ken Plummer attempt to highlight the presence of the LGBTQ+ community in both in
Moreover, differences in bodily forms is not a firm determining factor of gender patterns; one could rather see it as a reference point in gender practices. Throughout the last years, an accumulation of international research regarding masculinities has appeared. Crucial conclusions of this research contain the following findings: there are multiple masculinities; there are hierarchies of masculinities, often defining a ‘hegemonic‘ pattern for a given society; masculinities are collective as well as individual; masculinities are
The issue of “gender” and “gender identity” has occupied significant place in literary theories and more specifically in feminist literary criticism. Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines gender as – “the behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated with one sex.” Feminist critics have attempted to distinguish between “sex” and “gender”. For them sex is a biological phenomena while gender is socially constructed. There is no direct relation between gender and biological sex. “Masculinity and femininity are essentially coercive categories that straitjacket men and women” (Nayar 83).
In chapter One, Hvistendahl talks to a French demographer, Christophe Guilmoto who is interested in the sex ratio of Boys to Girls in countries in Asia and throughout Europe. In the book it explains “In 2005 he calculated that if Asia’s overall sex ratio were normal, the continent would have an additional 163 million females. Ultrasound and abortion, in other words, had contributed to claiming over 160 million potential women and girls in Asia alone (Hvistendahl 2011).” 160 million women is more than the entire female population of the United States. That statistic is astounding to me and is a very large problem that I don’t think these countries imagined or are ready
Society uses another word such as transgender for a person who was born one gender and transformed into the opposite gender. The problem with the binary words in all three subjects is that society uses these words to objectify a person’s identity. When a person is considered confused of their sexuality, they are being considered “bisexual” for the reason they are interested in both sexuality. A person that is subject to a certain word to live with in identity can cause the person to only live with how other people would like them to live. They tend to only focus on what they are told by society that every person has one sex, one sexuality, and one gender.
Young Adult literature is essentially about identity-formation so this gendered and misogynistic language could form views about the world that a young adult would not necessarily form without these stereotypes. If these are already views that a young adult does have they may encourage them further. Character formation is important for the author to accomplish in order to make the character relatable, Alexie may have gone a little far though in an Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian, the character in fact became not relatable to the intended audience, yes my interviewee noticed it, but he didn’t understand it. Furthermore, these views and perceptions although true to the author may be somewhat outdated, which is why some young adults may not relate to the character. If in fact the audience does relate to this character or believe these views are the norm they may end up incorporating them into their own developing gender
Putting gender in a category helps others not stereotype them as something they are not. In class, we learned about different types of groups, and how they are viewed from the world perspective. The importance of the gender and sexuality being socially constructed does matter, and it let people choose their identity. In class, we learned about so many different types of gender groups, and one was transgender. Transgenders people are usually people who do not identify with their gender, and prefer the opposite sex.
Echoes of labeling structured by society deem what is the “norm” or default and what is excluded. However, this process of omitting marks who is different, thus enabling the knowledge of categorization and identification of what is deem as the societal norm. Yet this normalization is overlooked and unseen by society and its structuring of identities. Key elements of identity, such as sexuality are frequently regulated in western society. As, Foucault states, “the body, in general, and