Literature Review Summary: The Primary Effects Of Acid Rain

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Literature Review When we burn fossil fuels such as coal or gas, certain air pollutants are released, they mix with the moisture in the air to form an acid which results in the production of acid precipitation. The wind transports these pollutants, resulting in acid rain over a widespread area. Industries such as power plants, modes of transportation such as cars, busses and trucks and industrial and chemical boilers are all responsible for a portion of the air pollutants being released (US EPA). Acid rain which falls into streams, lakes and mashes, causes the pH of the water to decrease, acidifying the water (US EPA). This results in a decrease of aquatic life and the quality of the water. It has been found that acid rain not only causes slower growth, injuries of forests, but even death of forests. The sources I used here are valid as I used the official United States Environmental Protection Agency website, which provides valid and well researched information to many people all around the world.…show more content…
A plant by the name of Lolium perenne was grown in two separate sealed glass ventilated containers in 1978 (Crittenden, P. D., Read, D.J. 1978). One container was ventilated with air polluted with sulphur dioxide, while the other was exposed to air which did not contain sulphur dioxide, acting as the control of the experiment. It was found that the exposure of the plant to sulphur dioxide decreased the dry matter production in plants (which is the mass of the plants when completely dried). This shows how the addition of air pollution can negatively impact the growth of plants. The sources I used here are reliable as I used the official United States Environmental Protection Agency website as well as an academic journal which has been thoroughly researched as well as reviewed by

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