These changes are driving the global obesity epidemic, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The latest WHO records reveal that – In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 600 million were obese. The percentage of obese people has increased by 47.5% from 1980 to 2014. The worldwide spread of obesity and resulting increase in rates of chronic disease and other serious conditions threatens health systems, economies, and individual
The 2008 WHO report showed there were 389,000 under five deaths, of which 22% were due to pneumonia. In 2010, pneumonia was responsible for 21% of all under five deaths in the country 5, only one percent reduction over the 4 years period. According to the recent 2014 countdown to 2015 report , however, the toll of under- five pneumonia deaths has supposedly plummeted to 18% ,which is among the highest even compared to the load in the majority of African countries. Nonetheless, there are only scant source of data on this problem locally. For instance, a case control study in Gilgel Gibe revealed that 42% of post neonatal and 22.6% of neonatal mortality were attributable to pneumonia (16).
But the Department of Health and Human Services for Minority Health reports a rate of Type II Diabetes among Native Americans to average around 16%- and this is an average of many tribes throughout the US. For example, in some tribes, like the Pima Indian tribe of Arizona, the rate of Type II Diabetes is 50%. In addition, there is a rising rate of obesity in the Native American population with approximately a 33% rate of obesity across all tribes in the US. (Food Safety News, March 5, 2012 and Health and Human Services’ Office of Minority Health Data 2002). Although many Native Americans lost access to their traditional nutrition when moved to Reservations, the significant change in the rate of obesity and diabetes did not seem to appear until after World War II.
Depending on geographical location and diagnostic methods used, the prevalence of GDM varied from 3.8% - 21% in different parts of the India. Many studies have used DIPSI Guidelines while conducting their research. A study conducted by Wahi et al. showed a prevalence of 6.9%. Similarly a study in tamil nadu by Balaji V et al.
Global prevalence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders was 62/10 000 (Elsabbagh M, 2012). In India around 2,000,000 children having autism, based on estimate rate of 1 in 250(The Autism Society of America, 2007). The prevalence of having ASD increases significantly for siblings. If one identical twin is diagnosed with autism, the other twin has a 60-96% chance of also being on the spectrum. In non-identical twins, the chances decrease to 0-24%.
( 3) According to recent estimates by WHO in European Union countries, prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults remains 30-70% 10-30% respectively. (4) Similar trends are reported from some Asian countries as Malaysia where 33.6% of adult population was found to be overweight. (5) These studies usually focus on obesity but at the same time some studies point out that the incidence of underweight in
Overweight and obesity are not just the problem for high-income countries but also have become an issue for low- and middle-income countries. According to World Health Organization (WHO), worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980. In 2008, 1.5 billion adults aged 20 and above were overweight, and in 2010, nearly 43 million children under the age of 5 were overweight. ________________________________________ What to do if you Don’t want to Get Fat Like many things on this list, moderation is the key. Consuming coffee and other caffeinated beverages in moderation will let you avoid addiction and the pitfalls of excess caffeine consumption.
Life Expectancy According to the population reference bureau, as of 2011 the world population is at 7 billion. Based on these figures, the implication is that people now tend to live longer than people did in the past. This can be attributed to several factors such as improved public healthcare, food supply (to include nutrition), as well as medicine but perhaps the most important change that we have encountered in recent years is the relative ease and access to information as it relates to living healthier lives. Another major factor are shifts in the leading causes of death from infectious diseases to chronic conditions. Prior to the industrialization, the risk of death was extremely high as there were no vaccines for diseases
The prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism was estimated at 9.4%. The study also stated that prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism increased with age. (Usha Menon V et al. 2007)7. Studies in western population give an estimate of prevalence that is comparable to the Indian study.