Type 2 Diabetes Literature Review

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LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 PREVALENCE OF DIABETES
Diabetes is now the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in world. It is estimated that 382 million people are living with diabetes in the world, which is estimated 8.5% of the world’s population. Further 175 million people are still undiagnosed with their type 2 diabetes. According to the world health organization that this burden would increase nearly double in the next 25 years.
With reference to the international diabetic federation the top 5 worst affected countries are China, UK, Russia, India and Brazil. UK is serious sufferer of type 2 diabetes.
In January 2015 WHO updated the global prevalence as under:
“In 2014 the global prevalence of diabetes * was estimated to be 9% among adults
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1.7 million New cases were identified in 2012 and this is still raising.(2)

Prevalence of diabetes has increased for the last two decades in the world. (Roglic G et, al.2000)
This has become common which is almost due to the type two diabetes, is expected to rise.
( Wild S et, al.2000). WHO says that the diabetes prevalence is six times higher for people of south Asian region and three times higher for those of African origin.
The rise in the incidence of diabetes will increase the probability of patients at a risk of serious diabetes associated complications. Type 2 diabetes increase the risk of myocardial infarction two times and having the risk of stroke two to four times. Type 2 diabetes is also the leading cause of neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, infections, impaired wound healing, limb amputation and liver dysfunction. (World Health Organization Diabetes, 2009) (national diabetes fact sheet data Atlanta, 2007)
In 2010, global diabetes prevalence among adults aged 20-79 years is estimated at 6.4%, affecting 285 million adults. Between 2010 and 2030, it is expected to rise linearly up to 70% and 20% in developing and developed countries respectively. (Shaw JE et,
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However, in the run up to the end of the millennium, the scale of the problem has led China to become a country with one of highest diabetes prevalence figures. The urban areas, where economic development is at its fastest and traditional dietary practices are eroded most quickly, are the hotspots for diabetes in China. (Wong K C

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