3.1 Introduction In this chapter the coverage is on the research design and methodology, including sampling, population, establishing rigour during and after data collection, ethical considerations and data analysis. 3.2 Research Strategy This study used quantitative research strategy. According to Newman, quantitative research goes from reviewing and defining directly to developing hypotheses and collecting data. In quantitative analysis, this is called the derivation of hypotheses. “The researcher examines the literature and, based upon this process, he or she derives theoretical expectations, which become the derived hypotheses (Newman, Ridenour, & Ridenour, 1998).
Lahdelma et al. (2002) and Lahdelma et al. (2003) used SMAA-O for the problem of selecting a municipal solid waste management system. The two studies differ in using partial information and ordinal criteria. In Lahdelma and Salminen (2009), authors introduced SMAA-P method integrating piecewise linear difference functions of prospect theory into SMAA.
2. Literature Review This section will discuss several theories, finding of previous researchers and concepts related to Intercultural sensitivity, culture and the field of Intercultural Communication. The literature review section aims to achieve several objectives. Firstly, it plans to define the concepts of Intercultural competence, Intercultural sensitivity and other related terms from the points of view of different researchers. Secondly, it discusses the history of intercultural field and the theoretical frameworks developed with regards to intercultural sensitivity as well as intercultural competence in the education field.
Abstract This report aims to summarize and highlight the potential of Push-Pull Test in evaluating the bioremediation community. A brief description on Pull-Push test, the experiments involved and the necessity for it opens up the discussion in this report. The rate of bioremediation can be estimated by the breakthrough curve which can be obtained using an analytical method on the extracted samples. The utilization of the dilution factor will also be introduced in this report. This is followed by the advantages and constraints of the Push-Pull test.
2. Literature Review 4283 The literature review undertaken for this research provides an analysis of research evidence relating to executive coaching by giving an introduction to coaching with a particular emphasis on executive coaching. It will explore the existing literature on this subject to identify what has been researched to date and where current research is lacking in order to ascertain what questions remain unanswered. This will ensure that this study will build on previous research and add to the knowledge. Based on the identified gaps in the research literature, a focus for the research is selected.
1.8 Organization of Thesis: The Thesis has been organized in six chapters: The chapter-1 gives introduction and brief overview of distributed generation, load flow study, FBS method and background of local Search method followed by the introduction. This chapter also sets the objective behind the research work as well as organization carried out in this dissertation. The chapter-2 gives an idea about forward backward sweep method and local search method and allocation of Distributed Generation according to literature survey. In this chapter also discuss some power system failure and reasons to use of distributed generation. The chapter-3 presents proposed methodology; it provides proposed methodology through algorithm as well as issues of distributed generation & further explains the solution by allocation of distributed generation in IEEE-33 bus system.
Introduction According to Sekaran and Bougie (2013), literature review is define as a step by step process that involves the identification of unpublished and published work from secondary data sources that has been selected, modified, or rearranged for a specific purpose on the topic of interest, the evaluation of this work in this relation to the problem, and the documentation of this work. Hart (1998, p.13) says that the part of the literature review is basic to the success of academic research. A major advantage is to ensure the research ability of your topic before right research commences. According to Sun, Tsai, Finger, Chen and Yeh (2008), in order to deliver information for education and training, telecommunication technology
This review will give reference to the great scholars in the field of strategic management both classical and contemporary. 2.2 Theoretical Review Strategic change can be defined as a difference in the form, quality, or state over time in an organization’s alignment with its external environment (Van den Ven & Poole, 1995). An organizational alignment with its external environment is defined as the fundamental pattern of the present and planned resources deployments and environmental interactions that indicates how the organization will achieve its objectives (Hofer & Schandel, 1978). Hofer & Schandel (1978) further assert that changes in alignment encompass changes in the content of the firms’ strategy as defined by its scope, resources deployments, competitive advantage and synergy as well as changes in the external environment of the organization as brought about to initiate and implement changes in the content of strategy. Changes in such alignment can occur at the business, corporate and collective levels of the organization (Fobrum,
LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction of Literature Review Underpinning Theory Two theories have been used as the reference, Theory of Planned Behaviour and Servqual Theory. The theory of planned behaviour is extension from the reasoned action theory which added perceived behaviour control (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980; Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975). The study of the behavioural intention at KLIA is placed one of the variables in theory planned behaviour perceived behaviour control is crucial element to be extended. This is due to perceived behaviour control encompasses of beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and behaviour. The other reason is in the TPB stated that there have direct link between PBC and BI and will produce Behavioural Performance.
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW The present chapter provides an overview of literature conducted during the research. It includes previous studies and development carried out by various researchers and their findings. Patel et al. (2014) Conducted study at MIRANDA TOOLS, GIDC Gujarat, the aim the study was to improve the quality level by finding out the root causes with the help of quality control tools. The tools used in the study were Check Sheet, Pareto Diagram, Histogram, Cause-and-effect diagram, Control Chart, Run-Chart and Scatter-Diagram.