Like the related literature, it can be of a foreign study or a local study. Synthesis of research findings is just the review and summarize field of study. Synthesis writing is more difficult than it might at first appear because this combining must be done in a meaningful way and the final essay must generally be thesis-driven. According to Signer (2002), composition courses, “synthesis” commonly refers to writing about printed texts, drawing together particular themes or traits that you observe in those texts and organizing the material from each text according to those themes or traits (http://www.users.drew.edu/sjamieso/synthesis.htm retrieved
This will ensure construct, external and internal validity and reliability. Comprehensive and systematic organisation of data by means of a database is of utmost importance to strengthen the study. 4.4 DATA ANALYSIS METHOD Because case studies tend to be exploratory, most end with implications for further study. The researcher may be able to identify significant variables that emerged during the research and suggest studies related to these. Yin (2003a) maintains that data analysis consists of "examining, categorizing, tabulating, testing, or otherwise recombining both quantitative and qualitative evidence to address the initial propositions of a study" According to Yin there are the following analytic strategies for case studies: 1.
CHAPTER-II REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE Review of related literature in the concerned field is of greater significance in locating the research problem. Hence, it plays the pivotal role at the crucial juncture of planning of the study. Review of related literature is an intellectual pursuit, essential to the development of the problem and to find out an effective approach to its solution. Review of related literature means to locate, to read and to evaluate the past as well as current literature of the research concerned with the planned investigation. It is a serious step of research which includes a relevant literature more extensively.
The questions should be broad and loosely structured, following the intent of the research questions. Next, the interview questions are accompanied by a list of possible sources of data. The literature was revisited between interviews to gain a better understanding of new data. Clear conceptualizations assisted in taking definitions into the study, and combined with the other sources of data, comprised the mass of data available to study the phenomenon of interest. Thinking in metaphors, and creating simplistic models and thematic maps were essential activities in data management.
It should be written in academic style. An appendix of research proposal often attaches a copy of the research instrument and a list of the references. Additionally, many sets of examples are included into this chapter, which illustrate to the main ideas of the chapter are really useful. Therefore, this chapter is a significant contribution to our understanding of research proposal and how to write it
The research requirements are to conduct a critical literature review, with the aim of analysing the two academic journals and one research report and, accordingly, draw conclusions. A literature review summarises, analyse and evaluate previous research available on the topic and, furthermore, presenting it in an organised way (Collis & Hussey, 2013). It should clearly cover the major articulated questions and problems in the field (Collis & Hussey, 2013). The question is thus why is a literature review done? • Demonstrate clear understanding of the research topic including theories and definitions • Identify the recognised thinkers • Discuss what research has been done in this area and evaluate it • Find gaps in the current research areas and formulate a research question • Identify methods to use in the specific research area • Insure to convince the reader that the research question is significant, important and interesting • Include up to date research material and, ensure it is relevant.
• Design your research studies that answers the questions that you want answered. • Write the type of research proposal and report that puts you in command and control of the content of the research as well as the way in which the research should be done. 2 THE ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF RESEARCH Research is a process through which new knowledge is discovered. A theory, such as a theory of motivation, or development, or learning, for example, helps us to organize this new information into a coherent body, a set of related ideas that explain events that have occurred and predict events that may happen. High-quality research is characterized by many different attributes, many of which tend to be related to one another and also tend to overlap.
Once, the research problem is clearly identified, further exploration is done through exploratory research. Through this one can get an idea of what are the questions to be answered in order to solve the problem. This process takes evaluation of current studies, previous studies by experts and analyzing the situation. After this process, the objectives of research are determined. These act as a guideline for various research process and should be very precise.
For any worthwhile study in any field of knowledge the research worker needs an adequate familiarity with the work which has already been done in the area of the investigator’s choice. The researcher needs to acquire up-to-date information about what has been thought and done in the particular area. The researcher has to build upon the accumulated and recorded knowledge of the past and has to draw maximum benefits from the previous investigations, utilizes the previous findings, takes many hints from the designs and procedure of previous researches, matches the conclusions with the conclusions drawn earlier and tries to add from the investigator’s side a line or two to the existing store of knowledge. The preliminary survey of previous studies, literature, discussions and experiences related to the problem under investigation may accomplish a number of