Literature Review: The Three Phases Of The Review Of Literature

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Human knowledge has three phases – preservation, transmission and advancement. Practically, all human knowledge can be found in the books and libraries. Man builds upon the accumulated and recorded knowledge of the past. His constant adding to the vast store of knowledge makes possible progress in all areas of human endeavour. Review of related literature is an important component of any research work. The purpose of the review of literature is to build up the context and background of the research as well as to provide the basis for formulation of research questions or hypothesis. This helps in building a solid foundation on which any research is based. Since a good research is based upon everything that is known in the area of research,…show more content…
It discusses published information in a particular subject area within a certain time period. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organisational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a reorganisation, or a reshuffling, of that information. It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. Or it might trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates. And depending on the situation, the literature review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant matter. 2.2.1 IMPORTANCE OF LITERATURE REVIEW IN…show more content…
To show whether the evidence already available solves the problem adequately without further investigation and thus to avoid the duplication. 2. To provide ideas, explanations or hypotheses valuable in formulating the problem. 3. To suggest methods of research appropriate to the problem. 4. To locate comparative data useful in the interpretation of result. 5. To contribute to the general scholarship of the investigator. Thus, the search for related literature is one of the important steps in the research process of any research work: a comprehensive study of the related literature is an essential and indispensable pre-requisite. Borg and Gall (1989) state, “Although the importance of a thorough review of the literature is obvious to everyone, this task is more frequently slighted than any other face of research…. Often the insights gained through the review will save as much time in conducting the research as the review itself

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