Work-Life Balance

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CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW This study proposed to identify the tasks and to determine what are the impacts on attitudes, behaviors and job satisfaction of government servant which may influences the development of organization. Work-life balance has important consequences for employee attitudes towards their organizations as well as for the lives of employees (Scholaris & Marks, 2004) According to Guest (2002), work-life balance is now a heavily researched area of interest. Work-life balance has always been a concern of those interested in the quality of working life and its relation to broader quality of life. Definition of Work-life Balance There is no agreed definition of work-life balance but it does appear that the ‘right’ or ‘perfect’…show more content…
Work-life balance is about creating and maintaining supportive and healthy work environments, which will enable employees to have balance between work and personal responsibilities and thus strengthen employee loyalty and productivity (Abercromby, 2007). The result of these synchronous changes in patterns of both working and household life is a complicated multi-variable balancing act as workers and their managers juggle these different parts of their lives, with an understandable concomitant level of stress and social tension (Clark, 2000). Some researchers show that organizational interest in the management of the work-life balance derives from evidence that there is little doubt any more that there is a clear connection between the way people are managed and organizational performance (Purcell, 2002) and that with the onset of predicted skill-shortages, the ability to offer effective work-life balance employment opportunities may become a source of competitive…show more content…
During the mid 1980s, the issue was also taken into consideration by the US government, the 1990s confirmed the recognition of WLB as a main human resource management issue (Bird, 2006) in other parts or the world as well. Guest (2002), who provided a general review of the topic, believes that the contemporary prevalence of work-life imbalance is caused by the excessive demands of work in affluent societies. Factors such as technological advancements, the increasing need for higher efficiency levels and the entrance of women into the workforce (Guest, 2002) all contribute to the intensity of pressure on workers and cause inter-role conflict between the work and non-work spheres. One of the researchers while examining the impact of rewards and recognition on job satisfaction and motivation of, in a sample of Pakistani sample employees defines employee work satisfaction (job satisfaction) as a pleasurable positive emotional state as a result of work appraisal from one’s job experiences (Gruneberg, 1979; Danish & Usman,
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