Litivation And Reading: The Importance Of Literacy

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Literacy is defined as an individual´s ability to speak, write, listen and read proficiently in a language to function in society, achieve set goals and develop further by using one 's ability and potential to improve oneself socially, financially and educationally. As mentioned, reading is one of four important aspects of literacy. In this paper, I seek to give insight into what reading is, the processes behind it, the importance of motivation and reading methods. Finally, I briefly discuss how language teachers should organize reading tasks at lower secondary level and what they need to keep in mind. What is reading? According to Alderson (2000), reading is "an enjoyable, intense, private activity, from which much pleasure can be derived, and in which one can become totally absorbed (p. 28). However, the task of "reading can have three main purposes, for survival, for learning or for pleasure" (Berardo, 2006, p. 61). Whatever the reason, reading is an indispensable element in daily life and learning. Yet, this complex process is often taken for granted. In fact, the reading construct is an "integration of many component skills" (Grabe, 2014, p. 6) and often referred to as a “psycholinguistic guessing game” (Goodman, 1967, p. 135-142). The act of reading involves having recognition of an abundant amount of words, adequate comprehension of multiple texts, and fluency in reading accurately and efficiently. Finally, comprehension of a text will not come about without knowing

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