Puritans are well known for conducting witch trials and burning people on suspicion of witchcraft or heresy like the incident in Salem. These two groups originated from the Anglican Church of England. A movement that took place after the English Reformation, known as the Puritanism, advocated strict religious disciplines, religious rituals, the belief of salvation, and Christ as the center of faith. Between the two, the Puritans were the original group who sought the return of a simple and virtual Christianity. The Pilgrims were Separatists who were once Puritans, but were discontent at reforms.
Women had no rights so, there were two women who fought for Women’s Rights. These two women were Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. They were leaders in the women’s rights movement during the 1800s. They both worked hard and passed through obstacles along the way to earn rights for women. This will show Elizabeth’s contribution to the women’s rights movement.
The idea of the United States having Puritan origins is still alive today. In Sarah Vowell’s, The Wordy Shipmates, the topic of how a nation affiliates itself with Puritan perspectives is introduced. She encourages one to look beyond the surface information of the first English settlers’ motives in the 1600s, and to investigate what Puritan views truly are. She mentions the Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Winthrop, expressing his freedom to enforce his religious views on to a whole colony of people. The superiors of this religious group decided in the colonies what was appropriate for the society they are creating.
The term “New Woman” was coined by the writer and speaker Sarah Grand in 1894 it was a feminist ideal that emerged in the late nineteenth century a time where women were subdued and were not given desirable status and rights . It soon became a popular and a catchy-phrase in newspapers and books and journals. The New Woman, a significant cultural icon of the of the time, originated from the stereotypical Victorian woman who was exactly an opposite of the women which was being portrayed from centuries. She was intelligent, educated, emancipated, independent and self-supporting and a one who could take stand for herself. The New Women were not only middle-class female radicals, but also factory and office workers.
Facing persecution in Europe, the Puritans came to America in order to create a society that lived according to the Bible’s demands. They were a separatist group who believed in purifying the Church of England by eliminating all aspects of Catholicism, like the Pope, for instance (“Puritan New England; Plymouth”). They also believed in predestination. This means that God chose whether or not a person would be saved or condemned at birth. However, the Puritans did not know whether God chose them to be saved or condemned, therefore, they lived through strict policies laid out in the “Covenant of Works” and the “Covenant of Grace.” The “Covenant of Grace” declares that “nothing people do can erase their sins nor earn them a place in heaven.” Consequently, the “Covenant of Works” states that “God’s elect must do good works…to earn their salvation” (Henretta).
Both of their journeys had a great cause of the separation from England. Both groups wanted to seek freedom in different ways but still did not come to agreement within themselves beside the fact the wanted to get away from King James and his way of castigation. Pilgrims and Puritan are similar But yet so different. The Pilgrims thought they were elected by god for salvation and only wanted to associate themselves with people
Transcendentalism in the 21st Century Now Ralph Waldo Emerson created this philosophy that he called transcendentalism over 150 years ago. There are many ways people can represent these ideals of transcendentalism such as being a nonconformist, rebelling against things that contradict one’s opinion, living a simple life, appreciating nature, accepting the circumstances in life, searching for the meaning of life independently, and standing up for personal beliefs. Now with technology sweeping nations all over, some people might argue that these ideals are not valued anymore while others disagree. In small ways, all over the world, people are doing simple things that pertain to the transcendentalism philosophy. Transcendentalism still exists
The puritans believed that the wealth shouldn’t be equal, but is should be drastic either. They got rid of aristocracy, making it so that you could not be born into power. Giving away with the highest class, but they also didn’t allow poor people into their community. They wanted everyone to be able to thrive in their community, so the highest and lowest classes were not allowed in. The puritans did not believe in aristocracy, the thought that if God gave people power and wealth then they deserve that wealth and should be able to enjoy it, but someone born into the power and wealth was not given it by God, so they do not deserve to have it.
History tells us that the Puritans were different than the Pilgrims because they wanted to continue to exist with the Church of England but make it better in the New World. (Settling 2014) The Puritans must have felt some type of loyalty to their native religion because they didn’t put their religion totally aside. It is noted that the Puritans did not want the rituals and other beliefs that involved being a member of their native Church of England. (Settling 2014) The Puritans must have favored some aspects of their native religion. Entering into a new world would not give them any interferences to reform their religion as they saw fit.
New women a term used as a feminist ideal was presented by Sarah Grand a famous writer who writes for women for the first time in 19th century a time where women were subdued and were not given desirable status and rights. It soon a buzz throughout the country and a popular phrase in books ,journals and also a well known headline in newspapers. The New Woman, a significant cultural icon of the ofthe time, originated from the stereotypes that were faced by the Victorian woman who was exactly an opposite of the women which was being portrayed from centuries. She was intelligent, educated, emancipated, independent and self-supporting and a one who could take stand for herself. At the end time of the 19th century, New Woman ideology started to play a very important and a significant role in the complex social changes that led to the changing of gender roles and given back females the women’s rights, and overcoming male