“Cirrhosis is a common cause of death worldwide. In the United States, about 35,000 people die of complications of cirrhosis each year.” (Civan) The liver is an expansive, substantial organ that sits on the correct side of the abdominal cavity. With this in mind, the liver roughly weighs three pounds, is rosy darker in shading and feels rubbery to the touch. Ordinarily, the liver cannot be felt, since it 's ensured by the rib cage, but is the biggest minimized organ in the human body. The liver 's primary activity is to channel the blood originating from the stomach origin, before passing blood to whatever remains of the body. The liver additionally detoxifies chemicals and processes drugs. As it does as such, the liver secretes bile that winds up back in the digestive organs. The liver likewise makes proteins essential for blood thickening and different capacities. A sound liver is
The liver is responsible for hundreds of functions; it is the largest and most complex organ in the body. Weighing in at three pounds it sits behind the ribs on the upper right side of the abdomen and almost covers the entire width of the body. Nutrients and energy, the body 's fuel supply, is processed, converted and distributed by the liver. So, if anything obstructs these processes it will have a serious impact on the body as a whole. And the biggest obstacle would be the presence of gallstones.
Clinical manifestations that indicate the presence of cirrhosis include the following: fatigue, ascites (fluid accumulation in abdomen), drowsiness and hepatic encephalopathy (Cleveland Clinic Staff, 2014). Room 362’s chief compliant of weakness and drowsiness was displayed upon admission and provided
The blood seeps in the sinusoids on its way to the hepatic veins, and then to the vena cava. This filtration is ideal for hepatocytes to filter the blood, process and store nutrients, cleanse, and remove debris. 6. Cirrhosis leads to scarring and increased hydrostatic pressure in the hepatic portal vein. Explain why this increased venous pressure causes net filtration to increase in the hepatic capillaries, leading to ascites (swollen and fluid-filled interstitial space of the abdomen).
He does have a slight elevation in his total bilirubin is 0.3. Other liver function testing is normal. He has previously had a liver ultrasound back in October of 2014, showing hepatic steatosis, otherwise negative abdominal ultrasound. He has previously has declined evaluation by gastroenterology or hematology and he is still not sure that he wants to do that. He is not having any belly pain.
Crohn 's is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease that belongs to a larger group of illnesses called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is associated with inflammation of the digestive tract, or gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which runs from the mouth to the anus, and includes the stomach and intestines. It more commonly affects the end of the small intestine and the large intestine.
Increased risk of heart disease, nerve damage, liver disease and even sexual performance issues. These issues are compounded with the amount of alcohol consumed and also the frequency of consumption. France and Italy both have a lower minimum drinking age than the U.S. and both have a higher death rate due to cirrhosis of the liver, which is primarily caused by alcohol consumption. The earlier an individual starts drinking will only further contribute to medical problems down the road. Although the science is constantly developed, and studies are still being conducted, one thing consistently being shown is the increased medical risk for
Maslow’s Hierarchy is based on students in a school setting which includes an order that ranks students/ concepts from lowest to highest. Before meeting the higher levels of the hierarchy, humans must meet the lower levels first. The lowest levels of the hierarchy are four different levels of deficiency needs and the highest levels are three levels of growth needs. The first lowest level of deficiency needs are Psychological needs such as food, water, shelter.
Wilson’s disease (or hepatolenticular degeneration) is a rare genetic disorder that causes excess amounts of copper to build up in the body, thus creating copper deposits which ultimately inhibit the body’s ability to function properly. It is an extraordinarily fatal condition among people who are not diagnosed and treated, as the copper buildup commences immediately after birth.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs and the four principles of Ethics are also evident in this assignment. 1.1 Maslow Hierarchy of needs This pyramid concept was created by a psychologist named Abraham Maslow. [Figure 1] The most basic needs are at the base and the more complex needs of the patient is at the top of the pyramid ¹. The lower four needs are referred to as deficiency needs, these needs are due to a lack of something and they have to be satisfied to avoid unpleasantness.¹
As hepatitis B, hepatitis C can cause chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death. Its symptoms take time may years to manifest, so a person who is chronically infected may not be aware of it. The common symptoms of HCV include: fatigue, Jaundice, abdominal pain, intermittent nausea & vomiting and loss of appetite. Furthermore, most of HCV infected people have dark urine. Until now days, the treatment of HCV is only marginally effective.
LIVER ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY The liver is located in the region of the right upper quadrant of the abdomen (usually does not exceed the limit of the costal margin), filling the space of the diaphragmatic dome, where it can reach up to the fifth rib, and is related to the heart through the center phrenic, to the left of the inferior vena cava. It is usually soft and palpable, and is covered by a fibrous capsule. This fibrous capsule applies peritoneum mainsail liver surface (except liver bare area). Is divided into four lobes macroscopically: 1.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. This theory lies on the premise that people can rarely achieve their full potential without having met their basic needs; if the target population lacks of basic needs, any intervention that does not address this particular issue will fail. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is based on the physiological and psychological needs. Once these needs are covered, we will be able to engage someone to change habits in order to achieve our goals. It is highly important to recognize the target population and their basic needs.
Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is displayed as a pyramid and is built on a foundation of basic needs that must not only be met but satisfied before higher levels of the needs are met. On the bottom of the pyramid are physiological needs and these are required to sustain life such as breathing, water, food and shelter to mention a few. Once these are met, people can move onto the next level of need which is safety. Safety needs can be financial, medical, safe environment and job security. Next on the pyramid are social needs which include friendship, belongingness, love and acceptance.
Whereas, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs were also divided into different stages from the physiological needs, safety needs, love or belongings, esteem and then to the stage of self-actualization (Maslow,