Besides that, it also needs to highlight the benefits of altruistic behavior (Liu, 2007). In the context of altruistic, altruistic employees put others’ importance forward with their own, go beyond the requirement of duty and associate with ethical achievement stated by (Zhang, Zheng, & Wei, 2009). Moreover, leaders tend to act more altruistically towards other employees because they can gain benefit because having a good reputation in the organization, (Bereczkei, Birkas, & Kerekes,
Steps to Build High-Quality Leader-Member Exchange Relationships As noted above, the better the leader-member exchange relationship between leader and follower, the higher the productivity, job satisfaction, motivation, and citizenship behavior of the follower. Following are some tips that may help to build high-quality leader-member exchange relationships (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2011). • Stage 1. Meet separately with your employees in the initial stage to help each of you evaluate each others motives, attitudes, and potential resources to be exchanged, and establish mutual role
There are several theories, styles and endless definitions of leadership. This paper will discuss different leadership theories and provide evidence that leaders are made not born. Trait Theory Leadership research began with the study of human traits and its correlation with effective leadership. Trait theory asserts “an individual’s personality is made up of a broad spectrum of established characteristics,
Transformational leadership arises when a leader raises the level of cognizance about the value of desired results and expands subordinates’ wants and needs (Bass, 1985). According to Schepers et al., (2005), transformational leaders permit subordinates to think creatively, analyze problems from different angles and provide improved resolutions by using technology. Gill et al. (2006) claimed that organizations can diminish job strain and burnout by adopting a transformational leadership style. Many studies have specified that transformational leadership has positive effects on followers' efforts and satisfaction (Bycio et al., 1995; Kirkpatrick & Locke, 1996; Parry, 2000).
Introduction Leadership as defined by Northhouse (2007;3), is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. In organizations, the success of the organization is determined by the ability of individuals to realize and have the same direction in following this common goal usually due to influence. Because of such, a number of leadership theories have been propounded over the years which have sought explore different dimensions of leadership in trying to come up with a panacea for problems which arise in organizations due to leadership. Amongst these theories and concepts are The traits theory of leadership, transformational leadership, transactional leadership, Mc Gregor’s theory X and Y. This paper
Transformational leadership style with idea indicator, the influence of leader behavior, intellectual stimulation and a consideration of individual has a positive influence towards motivation. This leadership style has positive influence toward job satisfaction. (Risambessyet) job satisfaction has been studied in parallel with many aspects of work and in many work places and fields around the world, the employees has experienced job satisfaction as an outcome of leadership styles. In general, research results suggested that in organizations which are more flexible and adopted the management type in communication and employees reward the latter more likely to be satisfied which results in the organization’s success. (Jill, McKinnon et al.
According to Bass, leaders should display both leadership styles depending of the need of the situation. In the explanation of full range leadership model, Bass and Riggio elaborated further on this concept of various leadership styles. The described the different leadership styles which includes: contingent reward, management by exception and laissez faire leadership in the full range leadership model. An efficient leader displays all leadership styles in a balance way. Transformational leadership is the positive behavior in order to achieve performance beyond expectations from the followers.
Different scholars identified various kinds of leadership styles that affect the job performance, satisfaction and learning and development of subordinates. Warrick, D.D (1981) cited that there are no doubt variables other than a leader’s style that affect employee performance and development but leadership style plays a significant role and not to be underestimated. An awareness of leadership styles and their consequences are very important because it may either facilitate or inhabit skill development. The major theories on leadership are the traits, leadership styles and contingency theories. Out of those, leadership styles and contingency theories dominate the current literature on leadership.
Introduction Leadership is a relationship between leader and followers and is the process that a potential person leading a group of people and try to influence their behavior and thinking to achieve the common goal in certain situation (Northouse, 2007, P.5-6). “Leadership is an interaction between two or more members of a group that often involves a structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of members. Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of others in the group. Any member of the group can exhibit some amount of leadership” (Bass, 1990: 19-20). As the following, this essay will attempt to demonstrate the main similarities and differences among trait approach, situational theory and transformational theory.
Moreover, both job satisfaction and employee engagement are playing a significant role through accomplishing the organizational goals and objectives effectively and efficiency. Job satisfaction is important in the organizational settings, because according to Robbins and judge in 2013, first of all, job satisfaction affects productivity because several studies have stated that, the more employees are satisfied and happy, they more likely to have more products. Secondly, job satisfaction influences absenteeism, there is a negative relationship among job satisfaction absenteeism because satisfied employees are less likely to miss work. In the third place, job satisfaction again plays an essential role through the decisions of staying or leaving of the workers within the organization which is called turnover .in the fourth stage, job satisfaction is the main consideration of an employee 's organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), also the employees who are more satisfied are more likely to involve in OCBs, and talk more positively about the firm. In the end, job satisfaction also plays an important role through satisfying the customers, satisfied employees have a
We aspire to develop engineers and managers who can be leaders in our industry. To help ground so broad a term, the Past President of the SANS Technology Institute, Stephen Northcutt, wrote a Leadership Essay to help characterize and expand upon our definition of leadership. Please read his essay and explore some of the resources he suggests. Then, write two to three single-spaced pages in your own words about your own preferred definition(s) of leadership, some competencies where you believe you have strengths, and also the competencies you would most like to develop. Relate each competency to personal and/or professional experience, or discuss how you intend to use the master 's program and your work experience over the next three years to
Motivational Improvement Program Organizational efficiency and effectiveness is a necessity as organizations seek to secure their competitive advantage in a global marketplace. As a result, organizations seek ways to improve their products and services and reduce cost. The biggest asset and investment for any organization is human capital, employees. Organizations realize the quality of their products and services depends on their employees ' productivity and performance; therefore, organizations must find ways to motivate their employees. Consequently, they search for and apply research on motivational theories and/or models to help motivate employees.