The lineages of all the people of a village are descendants of the same ancestor. There are ancestral ahiajoku and ndu ichie shrines, and a holder of the ancestral Ọfọ stick for the village. The village government comprises the first tier. Secondly, in most cases, the respective progenitors of a group of villages, in what we may call a town, are believed to be the descendants of a common ancestor, the founder of the town. The villages take their seniority from the seniority of their progenitors.
Largest democratic countries like USA and India that have formal local government systems than smaller state like Sri Lanka. Main purposes of these countries are focused democratic enhancement and strengthening democratic values. Enhancement of people participation, build good governance and public accountability in their local government through delivering quality and effective services for the public with transparency are the main purposes of the local government system in the modern world. Nowadays, term accountability has become a prominent concept in governance process in local government institutions. Universal literature of local democracy and governance has explored the
1. Introduction This assignment will discuss the importance of local governments as platform for enhancing participatory governance and the vehicle for grassroots socio-economic development. It will first discus the concept of local self-government, the role of government in driving LED, the challenges faced by local government in giving effective service delivery and strategies in dealing with the challenges. 2. Local Self-government.
The purpose of a constitution is for a set of laws, rules and principals to be established that ensure the right functioning of the activities of the entire nation. The constitution is the supreme law, on which all other laws are based on. It unfolds the rights and responsibilities of the people. South Africa is a democratic nation. Democracy is what is often referred to as “rule of the majority”.
INTRODUCTION: This thesis evaluates the development of local government system in KP. Local government itself contains the sense of civility, civics, self service and self governance. Therefore in modern age local government has became the core of liberal democratic system. Local government is considered as the nursery of leader ship, political education and democracy. It is said “the whole edifice of democratic government is based on the basic assumption that good Government is no substitute for Local self-Government” .
It was further in this context that greater emphasis was laid in the importance of decentralization in order to make people participation a part of governance. The World Charter on Local Self Government 1983 defined Local Self Government as the one which “denotes the rights and duties of local authorities to regulate and manage public affairs under their own responsibility and in interests of the local population. This right shall be exercised by individuals and representative bodies freely elected on periodical basis by equal universal suffrage and their chief executives shall be so elected or shall be appointed with the participation of the elected body.” Local governance in its wider sense referred as the conceptualization, planning, formulation and execution of the collective action taken at the local level. Thus, it covers the direct and indirect roles of formal institutions of local government and various government hierarchies on one hand and informal norms, networks, community centered organizations, and resident
Urbanized cities, will be independent from provinces. SECTION 13. Local governments help one another SECTION 14. The President will provide for developments in regional councils 13 SECTION 15. There will be autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao other provinces, sharing distinctive and common cultural heritage.
Every nation and its citizens aim for independence, prosperity, and equality. These three principles generally govern the ideals of a free state and of the free people, and may have become the philosophy to pursue for fruitful development that the people and their nation shall benefit from. These three principles are the manifestations that a nation upholds the interests of its people, and the Philippines is an example of such nation. The Preamble of the 1987 Philippine Constitution shows the aim to establish a strong state that shall “embody [the Filipinos’] ideals and aspirations” to “secure … the blessings of independence and democracy” (“The Constitution”). As a newly liberated country, the Philippines faced challenges to assert its stability as a nation, and before the 20th century ended, the country adapted the principle of decentralization as a means for holistic development for the Filipino people and equal development among its territories through the 1991 Local Government Code.
To replace the prevalent colonial system of government with a vibrant, responsive and democratically-decentralized form of governance. To promote and enforce provincial autonomy. To devolve and decentralize state power to local bodies by providing constitutional protection to them in order to ensure community participation in planning and development of all regions of Pakistan. To promote equality, unity, solidarity and brotherhood among the citizens and strive for a Pakistani identity. To preclude and prevent personal
Panchayati Raj System(PRS) is very essential to make the country strong and prosperous. It is a system for administration at grassroots level. This system provides democratic decentralization for the administration which means the Government “to the people, by the people and for the people”. It is a traditional form of Government in our country. This traditional system of administration was not got legal identity till 1991.