The existence of both state and queen mothers court-created legal plurality, rooted in gender plurality. The legal plurality means the there is a space for women in the queen mother court, and a way for women grievances to be heard. It is legal and gender plurality in Ghana that allowed for queen mothers to develop into the modern era, and retain political, social, and cultural power. Ultimately, the queen mothers court allows for a space for women with Akan people. The queen mothers court was the central representation of women 's space and understanding the modern role of queen mothers.
Locke believed that the government was made up by the people of the society. Similar, to today`s democracy where the government focuses on the people`s happiness since they control who gains authoritative power. Locke’s contribution to the concept of consent, and natural rights are components of modern governments especially in democracy (Stanka). Locke, observed that the need to constitute a civil society was to protect and maintain freedom; moreover, he noted that it lacked an established, settled known law; a known indifferent judge; and an executive to enforce just decisions. Furthermore, Locke argued for the supremacy of the Legislature within the institutions of government.
After this came Bhutto era, and this really opened up all government services to women including the district management group and the foreign service (in the civil service), which had been denied to them earlier. About 10 percent of the seats in the National Assembly and 5 percent in the provincial assemblies were reserved for women in this era. The 73 constitution which is often and rabidly quoted by all and ball in our land specifically states that “there shall be no discrimination on the basis of sex alone”. The
Liberal Feminism developed as a subculture of Liberalism that was particularly prominent in the late 1800s and early 1900s when women were campaigning for the right to vote. It is known for being focused on legal equality and this can be traced back to the early influential texts of Liberal Feminism. Mary Wollstonecraft’s ‘A vindication of the rights of women’, encouraged women to make their own decisions, rather than accept the decisions previously made for them. This implies that women should not accept the decisions made in parliament on behalf of them and have a say in who gets to make those decisions themselves. Which of course encourages women’s suffrage.
Women are citizens of the United States who are governed, yet they have no say in their government. The very Constitution declares that when a government no longer has the safety and rights of their people in mind, then the people should take it upon themselves to abolish it, but women did not have a vote to exercise this right. Similarly, in their article, “Teaching the New Departure: The United States vs. Susan B. Anthony” Kathi Kern and Linda Levstik state,“For Anthony and hundreds of other women in the early years of Reconstruction, “taking” their freedom meant exacting their rights at the point where citizenship was “produced”: the polling booth” (Kern and Levstik 123). Voting was and is an essential part of citizenship in the United
These new structures, brought hope and an approachable peaceful future to all social classes, which was one of the reason’s why Communist Dictators were seen as heroes and all citizens devoted to their rule. Therefore, after all the chaos including civil and world wars, a new platform of social order was the country's optimism. This is expressed in the subject of this document; explaining the hopelessness women felt with the ruling Party, before the Bolsheviks, given their minimum interest in women’s liberation. Specifically, all members of the Bolshevik Party and Komsomol (Organization for young people) were required to permit women in their lives full liberty of expression. (Doc.2) This regulation promoted equality, and demonstrated exemplary citizens who manifested respect for the government; setting them as a symbol of pride for their societies.
“I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.” -Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. Preamble starts with ‘we the people’ and talks about equality, liberty, fraternity and secularism. “One step forward, two steps back” The Constitution of India came into force in January 26, 1950. Constitution gave positive mandate by enacting article 44 in part IV. Since than, the state has not proceeded an inch forward, towards the ordered attempt to give the Indian natives the uniform civil code.
Additionally, Section 3 (g) of the same Constitution aims to avert the imbalances that have bedeviled proper women representation and sets out gender equality as one of the values upon which Zimbabwe is founded; placed on a par with values such as the rule of law, good governance and supremacy of the Constitution (2013). While the need to promote full participation of women in all spheres of society on the basis of equality is constitutional, it is unfortunate that this has not been translated in letter and in spirit. This has necessitated NGOs to stand in the gap by playing a pivotal role of empowering women for political careers, training them and equipping them for political offices. Women’s empowerment has been seen as the process by which
Gandhi could see woman as connected with service and not with power. When a woman wrote to him in 1946 about the political scene and the paucity of women in it, he wrote: "So long as considerations of caste and community continue to weigh with us and rule our choice, women will be well-advised to remain aloof and thereby build up their prestige. Women workers should enrol women as voters, impart or have imparted to them practical education, teach them to think independently, release them from the chains of caste that bind them so as to bring about a change in them which will compel men to realize women 's strength and capacity for sacrifice and give her places of honor. If they will do this, they will purify the present unclear atmosphere." His advice to women was to teach people in villages simple lessons of hygiene and sanitation.
These women serve as inspirational models for other women in Pakistan as proof that their continuous dedication will eventually lead to a fair and proportionate representation of women in Pakistani politics. As the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah said, “No nationcan rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you” (SDTS), words that are starting to echo in Pakistani society. As Susan B. Anthony says, “There never will be complete equality until women themselves help to make laws and elect lawmakers.” Now it is the duty of every woman to realize her basic rights and come forward to participate actively in the political system of Pakistan. I believe the day will come when women will be treated equally in Pakistan. Then justice and other basic rights of theirs will be within their reach.