Local Government System In Southeast Asia Case Study

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Rudolph Tumbaga December 19, 2014 POS 191.2 A Long Test #1 1.) There have been extensive attempts to classify local government systems in the West. However, in Southeast Asia, studies on local governments have been done on a per country basis, but never collectively. By what criteria do you think that local government systems in Southeast Asia be classified? Why? I think that local government systems in Southeast Asia should be classified as decentralized Asian community governments. Southeast Asia is one of the regions in the world that have been colonized by the west in the 15th to the mid 20th century because of Western, specifically European and later the American, economic expansion. Primarily, the European…show more content…
The priority is not simply on the political aspect but also the community and social aspect of decentralization which is vital for these Southeast Asian states to thrive. “It was argued that such democracies were in line with traditional ‘Asian values’ anchored around the family, placing the community’s interests and the common good above that of the individual’s, seeking consensual and eschewing competitive politics, and displaying respect rather than disrespect of authority (Loh Kok Wah n.d.).” In other words, decentralized Asian community governments should be classified as such because it favours all three aspects in Southeast…show more content…
Based on your current understanding of Southeast Asian countries’ political history and culture, what form of decentralization is most appropriate? Why? In Southeast Asia, fiscal decentralization is the most appropriate form of decentralization. Most governments in Southeast Asia have different modes and forms of government depending on their historical backdrop and territorial architecture. Even then, these two modes of government (unitary and federal) provide different opportunities for fiscal decentralization (Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations 2001). Fiscal decentralization involves shifting of responsibilities for expenditures and/or revenues to lower levels of government (Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations 2001). It takes accountability of governments through financial responsibility (Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations 2001). However, this responsibility goes to a certain extent for the level of autonomy and the ability to raise revenue are two important factors (Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations 2001). With this form of decentralization, accountability is best promoted because of the fact that expenditure and revenue are closely watched over by the

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