Local Self Government

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CHAPTER -II Local Self Government during Ancient Period The village as a collective unit has been well known ever since the Vedic period. From the earliest Vedic age the village administration was carried on under the village head-man who was called Gramani. He used to be the leader of the village. Nevertheless he was a nominee of the king. The villagers in the early Vedic times, managed the simple affairs of the village themselves. Originally, it seems that the villages were self-governing and they were practically free from central control. The Gramani (headman) and other villages were appointed by the community and were accountable to them. In early days villages were republic in nature.…show more content…
3. The local body institutions comprising popular local leaders will be in a position to enlist greater people’s participation for the implementation of schemes by mobilizing additional resources for development purposes. 4. Local institutions will be able to provide the necessary assistance and guidance to the state in the formulation of Five Year Plans and render all possible assistance to the government machinery in the implementation of various projects and schemes. 5. The primary goal of Panchayati Raj is to enable the people of respective areas to achieve comprehensive and continuous development in the interest of the entire population. The elected representatives should be encouraged to result the people rather than opportunities for the exercise of authority. The concept of Panchayati Raj is not confined to the non-official and democratic organizations associated with it, it involves a distinct level of responsibility. It functions within the general scheme of administration of Panchayati Raj comprising both the democratic institutions and the extension services through which development programmes are…show more content…
Consequent to the implemenation of the Constitution ( 73rd and 74th Amendment) Acts, several Acts were passed in the parliament for seeking more financial and administrative powers to the Panchayati Raj Institutions. However, 12 States and Union Territories are yet to constitute the District Planning Committees- the Central Bodies that will ensure devolution of power for 29 Subjects of the grassroots under 11th Schedule of the Indian Constitution.20 The 29 Subjects to be administered by the Panchayats related to the following subject; agricultural land, water management, animal husbandry, fishing, social forestry, minor forest products, small scale industries, khadi and village industries, rural housing, drinking water, fuel and fodder, roads, non- conventional energy sources, electrification, poverty alleviation, education, adult and technical education, culture, markets, health and sanitation, family welfare, women and children’s development, social welfare, public distribution system and maintenance of community assets etc.21 Expansion of the Scheduled

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