Humanist emphasize on the need of free will and the act of individual life situations. They believe that causes the development of personality. They believe that self-actualization is the major need for personal development and that is the reason that motivates behavior. They believed that it is yourself that determines your personality and therefore is the reason for your behavioral actions. A couple of major assessments would be the Rorschach test and the Thematic Apperception
Personality refers to a set of individual differences in characteristic patterns that affect how a person think, feel and behave of various life event(Israel Ali,2012) Humanistic perspective: This perspective emphasizes on the capability of human to think consciously and rationally. Humans considered as having free will, therefore it is possible for people to choose their destiny and achieve self actualization. From Maslow 's hierarchy of needs , self-actualization refers to the priority of human motivation, the most advanced drive of humans, the goal of our inner personality and our attempt to recognize ourselves. ( ) In addition, Humanistic Psychologist Carl Rogers proposed the idea of self-concept. The ideal self is the one you would
Personality is explained by psychologists as a person’s patterns of thinking, emotion, and behavior. Our personality refers to who we are, and who we will become. It is our talents, values love, hate and habits that make us unique to every other person. The explanation of our personality is explained by early social science and humanities theorist who contributed to the studies of psychoanalytic, trait, humanistic, behaviorist and social learning. One of these theorists was Sigmund Freud’s theory of the psychoanalysis idea of the unconscious being the force of our personality.
Shafran, Cooper and Fairburn (2002) give a definition of this structure and base on their belief that perfectionism is an individual-based system, named it as psychological perfectionism. they define perfectionism as:” severe dependence upon self-assessment following one’s personal and self-imposed at least in one domain, against its’ negative consequences” (p. 778). 2.2.5 Perfectionism maintaining factors From the Shafran, Cooper & Fairburn (2002) points of view there are some processes which originate from central psychological disorders that cause perfectionism to
Emotional self-regulation operates through three subprincile: the self-monitoring, judgment of one’s behavior, and affective self-reaction (Bandura n.d., p. 248). Self-monitoring includes the awareness of oneself to his/her action, the judgement of behavior is observing the pattern toward doing something to affect it, and the affective self-reaction includes the mechanisms that regulate the courses of actions (Bandura n.d., p.
The two assessments we were requested to participate in, were the Locus of Control and Multiple Intelligence assessments. “Locus of control is defined as an individual’s generalized expectancies regarding the forces that determine rewards and punishments” (Wise, 1999, n.p.). The Locus of Control assessment was developed to determines the whether I believe the events in my life occur because of my personal actions or external factors, as well as my attribution style (Psychology Today, 2018). “Individuals who possess internal locus of control believe their achievements and failures result from their own efforts and abilities; whereas individuals with external locus of control regard their chance or difficulty of a work situation or others’ behaviors as the reasons for their success and failures” (Oguz & Saricam, 2015, p. 184). Furthermore, the results from my assessment were 80 out of 100, which determined that I have an internal locus of control and rarely attribute external forces.
Jung’s personality refers to an individual’s pattern of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make a person unique. According to Jung’s personality test, my personality is similar one known as an INTJ, which indicates that I am more of an Introversion, Intuitive, Thinking and Judging. Jung described an Introversion as an individual who’s source of energy is mainly from their own internal world, therefore possessing this trait, I am more likely to see the world in terms of how it affects me. Intuitive believes that information is received from the internal and imaginative world; one’s conception is based on his/her own understanding of the world. Additionally, this personality style both perceives inner pattern forms and uses real-world material
According to Daryl self perception is “A person’s view of him or herself and of any mental or physical attribute that makes up the person’s self. The perception theory of how self knowledge unfolds.” It assumes that internal states are inferences resulting from observation of one’s behaviour (Tuntufye., 1993: 267). Understanding how people get to know themselves is important because self knowledge is a foundation which people use in the process of forming values, preferences and attitudes. Clear self knowledge helps people make decisions in daily life, whereas the absence of well defined self knowledge can render an individual unable to make these decisions. The self perception theory consists of two basic claims.
First the functions of the emotional and rational personality. Ego is the personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. It weighs the effort and the value of an action before deciding to act upon it. An important function of ego involves the control of impulse. Impulse control is accomplished in different ways; one of these is through the ego mechanisms of defense (Cramer 736).
Introduction Self-awareness is a psychological state in which people are aware of their traits, feelings and behavior. It is the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals. Self-awareness is arguably the most fundamental issue in psychology, from both a developmental and an evolutionary perspective. According to psychologists, self-awareness is classified into two types: public and private. Public Self-Awareness is when people are aware of how they appear to others.