Questionnaires were then administrated, and data was collected on how well the participant trusted the source and if their opinion changed. The study confirmed the assumption that credible sources tend to create the desired impact on the audience. According to Hovland, people are more likely persuaded when the source presents itself as credible (Hovland,
Again the MMPI-2’s use is to determine validly in ones testimony. In many cases, an individual may “fake good” or “fake bad” to gain more compassion in a case where personal injury/lose is otherwise allocated. “One situation often encountered is one in which the litigants produce extremely defensive profiles, that is, deny psychological problems in order to produce a “credible” physical problem” (Butcher, 1990). According to Ben-Porath and Graham and Hall and Hirschman and Zaragoza (1995),… psychopathology and personality evaluation, psychologist are being asked more frequently to serve as witness in the court to provide expert opinion…..whether the basis of an individual’s psychological claims is credible; whether current or past adjustment problems that a litigant might have experienced could have an impact on the current claim; whether an individual might be experiencing documentable and disabling stress-related symptoms; and whether the symptoms an individual is reporting could be attributed to lifelong chronic
Introduction: The purpose of this analysis is to examine the rhetorical appeals of an argument presented by two different authors who have written on the topic of Artificial Intelligence. Douglas Eldridge’s, “Why the Benefits of Artificial Intelligence outweigh the Risks” provides the potential positives to the rise of Artificial Intelligence. He dispels some of the common myths regarding the risks of AI, suggesting that these myths are either unfounded or not so risky. Douglas employs notable examples to support his claims and rightfully proves why AI is not as risky as seen by the public. David Parnas’ “The Real Risks of Artificial Intelligence” focuses on the unseen negative aspects of Artificial Intelligence.
A logical fallacy is an error in reasoning, it is done manipulatively, and it is done on purpose to target people’s ignorance and stupidity. The statement being claimed might appear to be truthful or accurate, but due to an error on the claim it is not considered to be truthful nor accurate. There are various types of logical fallacies, and they are structured to help you identify misleading statements and recognize that there is an error in the information. The trial of Elizabeth Proctor does fit into the idea of logical fallacy. The type of logical fallacy that applies to the trial Elizabeth Proctor is a false cause.
Perception is the organisation, identification and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the environment. Like perception, logic plays a role in critical thinking. Critical thinking is the process in which one mentally explores deeper than the superficial matters at hand into the deeper layers in order to find out what the real issues are. However, when it comes to weighing their beneficial impact on the critical thinking process, logic and perception are by no means equal. While logic is firmly rooted in reason, perceptions are just as firmly rooted in one’s senses and can easily be corrupted.
Some psychologists have even argued that personality does not exist; that people change behaviour over time and across various situations. The counter-argument to this is that individuals will adapt their behaviour to fit the situation, and generally demonstrate some pare of their personality in a given situation (Coaley, 2014). However, personality is a broad and rather ambiguous concept, meaning that is it difficult to define succinctly; and yet how we define it plays a crucial part in how we investigate it. Eysenck’s theory of personality concluded that there were 3 dimensions: extraverted-introverted, neuroticism-stability, psychoticism-socialisation (Eysenck & Eysenck, 1964). With the broadening field of psychometrics, the Eysencks were the first to make their approach more quantifiable and legitimate than others had been in the past.
The literature offers a variety of definitions for the term evidence-based practices (EBP). One description of EBP is that it can be used as a decision-making process which is supported by the best available evidence and professional judgement. Gibbs (2003) and Gambrill (2001) refer to this as a framework or model that is more than the use of research-supported interventions because it embodies a comprehensive approach to practice. Adopting such an approach provides practitioners with the freedom to choose interventions that have available evidence for decision-making, rather than making intervention decisions on the basis of other criteria. Alternatively, evidence-based practice is used to refer to specific interventions that have been reviewed and met a level of evidentiary standard.
Moreover, if we have this much responsibility lying in one organ, could this not pose a threat, as we blatantly believe what our brain interprets? Would this not mean that our brain could influence us incorrectly? This essay will look at how the brain can fool us with use of specific examples within physiology such as the déjà
People who are aware of their emotions and are good at reading emotional cues –for instance, knowing why they are angry and how to express without violating the norms –are most likely to be effective. Various definitions on EI From as main as 1920, psychologists have theorized that people's skill to comprehend and grasp others is a different intellectual capacity that is distinct from general intelligence. Even though Thomdike's early communal intellect theory from those early days is nowadays recognized to be flawed, it certainly offers intuitive appeal alongside possible for substantial useful application. This perhaps explains why reiterations of his theory, such as EI, tolerate to be accepted and craft attention amongst researchers and
In this paper, I am going to explore the concept of truth in the light of the Correspondence Theory by identifying its major strengths and weaknesses. The correspondence theory is the one that most people would more likely rely on or agree about, but it contains plenty of problems or non-answered questions. According to Pecorino (2000) “The theory is based on the belief that a proposition is true when it conforms to some fact or state of affairs. While this theory properly emphasizes the notion that propositions are true when they correspond to reality, its proponents often have difficulty explaining what facts are and how propositions are related to them.” What do you find appealing or discouraging about Coherence Theory? One of the main features of this theory is that "truth” consists
Barry’s use of syntax to effectively state his argument, his use of diction to allow the reader to comprehend the meaning of a phrase, and the allegories to add further emphasis to his main points all are important rhetorical strategies. These strategies don’t just emphasize the important of certainty and how it can benefit the field of science, but they also describe how uncertainty can also impact discoveries and how it can prohibit discoveries from being
Cognitive biases are tendencies to think in certain ways that can lead to systematic deviations from a standard of rationality or good judgment. This bias occurs when people are processing and interpreting information in the world around them and attempting to simplify it would skew the processing while making decisions. Not all biases are bad, however they can lead to errors in situations such as social pressures, emotions, or individual motives that would limit the human thinking. Perceptual bias is a tendency to perceive or notice some aspects of an available image or piece of data while ignoring others. Perceiving expectations while focusing attention on a particular set is remaining selective and can be distinguished by emotional connotation,
The second investigation was related between discrimination ability and response bias for two false memory. DRM can lead information affecting the phenomenon of a person’s recollection of a witnessed event that can be misleading information about the event. On the other hand, different techniques have also been shown to explain different types of false memories. The goal of this study should help to clarify the relationship between two types of false memories (encouraging by misinformation and DRM).This was a great source that will make my research so much better. It had statistics and results and very detailed information.
hard determinism debate, specifically from a neuroscience perspective. Being able to obtain quantitative information whilst also observing the qualitative behaviour of the participants at the same time allows for experimenters to look at results being posted and seeing the participant simultaneously increases the understanding and accuracy in the conclusions. Having the ability to analyze an individual 's mental processes as well as behavioural impulses allows us to seek correlations within the field, and drawing conclusions as to how the articles read affected the participant. I feel as though the concluding thoughts made by the authors were correct, as I agree that belief in free will is beneficial to society. The belief in free will promotes the implementation of self control to overcome more selfish and impulsive behavior.
Both objective and projective tests can be confusing when applied to personality assessment instruments. Kurtz and Meyer (2006) argue that if self-report scales were actually objective than there would be more experimenting of the various forms of response styles that effect cores that come from these instruments. Another issue applying the